NCCN Guidelines for Patients® | Multiple Myeloma - page 71

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NCCN Guidelines for Patients
®
Multiple Myeloma, Version 1.2014
Glossary
Dictionary
human leukocyte antigen (HLA)
Proteins on the surface of white blood cells that help the
body to identify its own cells from foreign cells.
human leukocyte antigen (HLA) type
The unique set of proteins on the surface of white blood cells
that help the body to identify its own cells from foreign cells.
human leukocyte antigen (HLA) typing
A blood test that helps to identify a person’s unique set of
proteins on the surface of white blood cells.
hyperviscosity
A condition in which the blood becomes very thick because
of too many proteins in the blood.
imaging test
A test that makes pictures (images) of the inside of the body.
immune system
The body’s natural defense against infection and disease.
immunoglobulin
A protein made by plasma cells that helps fight off infection.
Also called antibody.
inflammation
Redness, heat, pain, and swelling from injury or infection.
intestine
The organ that food passes through after leaving the
stomach.
intravenous
Administration of a drug through a vein.
karyotyping
A process that examines a map, or karyotype, of a cell’s
chromosomes—long strands of bundles of coded instructions
for controlling cells.
kidneys
A pair of organs that filter blood and remove waste from the
body through urine.
kyphoplasty
Surgery to support the spine with a balloon-like device and a
type of cement.
lactate dehydrogenase (LDH)
A protein found in the blood that is involved in energy
production in cells.
light chain
The shorter protein chain that is part of an antibody.
light chain myeloma
Condition in which myeloma cells make only free light chains
and no complete M-proteins. Also called Bence Jones
myeloma.
liver
Organ that removes waste from the blood.
local anesthesia
A controlled loss of feeling in a small area of the body
caused by drugs.
local therapy
Treatment that affects cells in one specific area of the body
only.
long-term side effect
An unplanned or unwanted physical or emotional response
to treatment that continues for months or years after finishing
treatment.
lymphocyte
A type of white blood cell that helps to protect the body from
infection.
magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
A test that uses radio waves and powerful magnets to view
parts of the inside of the body and how they are working.
maintenance treatment
Treatment given in a lower dose or less frequently to
“maintain” good treatment results.
medical history
All health events and medications taken to date.
medical oncologist
A doctor who’s an expert in treating cancer with drugs.
microscope
A tool that uses lenses to see things the eyes can’t.
mini transplant
Treatment that uses low doses of chemotherapy before
giving the patient healthy, immature blood-forming cells
(blood stem cells) taken from another person called a donor.
M-protein
An abnormal antibody made by myeloma cells that doesn’t
fight germs. Also called monoclonal protein.
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