NCCN Guidelines for Patients® | Multiple Myeloma - page 72

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NCCN Guidelines for Patients
®
Multiple Myeloma, Version 1.2014
Glossary
Dictionary
multiparameter flow cytometry
A test that measures myeloma cells in the bone marrow (soft
tissue in the center of bones where blood cells are made).
multiple myeloma
A cancer of plasma cells (white blood cells that make
germ-fighting proteins) that has spread throughout the bone
marrow (soft tissue in the center of bones where blood cells
are made).
myeloma cell
An abnormal plasma cell that grows and divides all the time.
myeloma therapy
Drugs used to treat myeloma throughout the body.
observation
A period of testing without treatment or right after treatment
to check for cancer growth.
oligosecretory myeloma
Myeloma that makes very few or no M-proteins. Also called
nonsecretory myeloma.
organ
A part of the body that performs a certain function.
orthopedic surgeon
A surgeon who’s an expert in operations of the bones.
osseous
Occurring inside the bone.
osteonecrosis
The death of bone cells.
partial response
An improvement related to treatment, when the amount of
M-proteins in the blood has decreased by half or more, the
amount of M-proteins in the urine has decreased by 90%
or more, and there’s no increase in size or number of bone
lesions.
pathologist
A doctor who’s an expert in testing cells and tissue to find
disease.
physical exam
A review of the body by a health expert for signs of disease.
plasma
The yellowish liquid part of blood that carries blood cells.
plasma cell
A white blood cell that makes germ-fighting proteins.
plasma cell labeling index
A test that shows how many myeloma cells are dividing and
how fast they are doing it.
plasmacytoma
A mass formed by abnormal plasma cells (myeloma cells).
plasmapheresis
A process that removes excess proteins, such as M-proteins,
from the blood.
platelet
A type of blood cell that forms blood clots to control bleeding.
pneumonia
A severe inflammation of the lungs.
positron emission tomography (PET)
A test that uses radioactive material to see the shape and
function of organs and tissues inside the body.
positron emission tomography/computed
tomography (PET/CT)
A test that uses radioactive material and x-rays to see the
shape and function of organs and tissues inside the body.
primary treatment
The main treatment used to rid the body of cancer.
prognosis
The likely or expected course and outcome of a disease.
progression
The course of disease as it gets worse or spreads in the
body.
progressive disease
Cancer that is growing, spreading, or getting worse.
proteasome
A group of proteins in cells that helps control cell growth and
division.
protein
A chain of small chemical compounds important to every cell.
radiation oncologist
A doctor who’s an expert in treating cancer with radiation.
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