NCCN Guidelines for Patients
Multiple Myeloma, Version 1.2014
multiparameter flow cytometry
A test that measures myeloma cells in the bone marrow (soft
tissue in the center of bones where blood cells are made).
A cancer of plasma cells (white blood cells that make
germ-fighting proteins) that has spread throughout the bone
marrow (soft tissue in the center of bones where blood cells
An abnormal plasma cell that grows and divides all the time.
Drugs used to treat myeloma throughout the body.
A period of testing without treatment or right after treatment
to check for cancer growth.
Myeloma that makes very few or no M-proteins. Also called
A part of the body that performs a certain function.
A surgeon who’s an expert in operations of the bones.
Occurring inside the bone.
The death of bone cells.
An improvement related to treatment, when the amount of
M-proteins in the blood has decreased by half or more, the
amount of M-proteins in the urine has decreased by 90%
or more, and there’s no increase in size or number of bone
A doctor who’s an expert in testing cells and tissue to find
A review of the body by a health expert for signs of disease.
The yellowish liquid part of blood that carries blood cells.
A white blood cell that makes germ-fighting proteins.
plasma cell labeling index
A test that shows how many myeloma cells are dividing and
how fast they are doing it.
A mass formed by abnormal plasma cells (myeloma cells).
A process that removes excess proteins, such as M-proteins,
from the blood.
A type of blood cell that forms blood clots to control bleeding.
A severe inflammation of the lungs.
positron emission tomography (PET)
A test that uses radioactive material to see the shape and
function of organs and tissues inside the body.
positron emission tomography/computed
A test that uses radioactive material and x-rays to see the
shape and function of organs and tissues inside the body.
The main treatment used to rid the body of cancer.
The likely or expected course and outcome of a disease.
The course of disease as it gets worse or spreads in the
Cancer that is growing, spreading, or getting worse.
A group of proteins in cells that helps control cell growth and
A chain of small chemical compounds important to every cell.
A doctor who’s an expert in treating cancer with radiation.