NCCN Guidelines for Patients® | Multiple Myeloma - page 73

71
NCCN Guidelines for Patients
®
Multiple Myeloma, Version 1.2014
Glossary
Dictionary
radiation therapy
The use of high-energy rays (radiation) to destroy cancer
cells.
radiotracer
Matter with energy that is put into the body to make pictures
clearer.
red blood cell
A type of blood cell that carries oxygen from the lungs to the
rest of the body.
regimen
A treatment plan that specifies the dose, schedule, and
duration of treatment.
regional anesthesia
A controlled, temporary loss of feeling or awareness in a part
of the body caused by drugs without loss of wakefulness.
relapse
The return of cancer after a period of improvement.
sedative
A drug that helps a person to relax or go to sleep.
serum free light chain assay
A blood test that measures the amount of the shorter
fragments of the proteins made by myeloma cells.
serum immunofixation electrophoresis (SIFE)
A test used to identify the type of M-proteins in the blood.
serum protein electrophoresis (SPEP)
A test that measures the amount of M-proteins in the blood.
serum quantitative immunoglobulins
A test that measures the amount of each type of antibody in
the blood.
serum viscosity
A test that measures the thickness of blood.
short-term side effect
An unplanned or unwanted physical or emotional response
to treatment that goes away after treatment ends.
side effect
An unplanned or unwanted physical or emotional response
to treatment.
single agent
The use of one drug.
skeletal survey
A series of x-rays of the skeleton to look for bone damage.
Also called bone survey.
smoldering myeloma
Myeloma that isn’t causing symptoms or damaging organs.
solitary plasmacytoma
Cancer that is one mass of myeloma cells (abnormal plasma
cells that grow and divide all the time).
spine
The bones, muscles, and other tissues along the back from
the base of the skull to the tailbone.
splint
A device used to support a broken bone and hold it in place.
stable disease
Cancer that is not getting worse or better in terms of extent
or severity.
stem cell
An immature cell from which other types of cells develop.
stem cell transplant
Treatment that uses chemotherapy to destroy bone marrow
(soft tissue in the center of bones where blood cells are
made) and then replace it with healthy blood stem cells.
steroid
A drug used to reduce swelling, redness, and pain, but also
to kill myeloma cells.
supportive care
Treatment for symptoms of cancer or side effects of cancer
treatment.
surgeon
A doctor who’s an expert in operations to remove or repair a
part of the body.
surgery
An operation to remove or repair a part of the body.
symptom
A physical or mental problem a person experiences that may
indicate a certain disease or health condition.
systemic therapy
Drugs used to treat cancer cells throughout the body.
1...,63,64,65,66,67,68,69,70,71,72 74,75,76,77,78,79,80,81,82
Powered by FlippingBook