NCCN Guidelines for Patients® | Multiple Myeloma - page 73

NCCN Guidelines for Patients™: Multiple Myeloma
Version 1.2012
Part 8: Dictionary
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Instructions in cells for making and
controlling cells.
General anesthesia
A controlled loss of wakefulness from
Genetic defect
Abnormal change in the instructions in
cells for making and controlling cells.
Genetic tests
Tests of the instructions in cells for
making and controlling cells.
Graft versus host disease (GVHD)
A disease that occurs when
transplanted stem cells see the
patient’s cells as foreign and attack
Graft versus tumor (GVT) effect
An attack on cancer cells by
transplanted stem cells.
Heavy chain
The longer protein chain that is part of
an antibody.
A doctor who’s an expert in diseases
of the blood.
High-dose chemotherapy
An intensive drug treatment to kill
cancer and disease-fighting cells so
transplanted stem cells aren’t rejected
by the body.
Human leukocyte antigens (HLA)
Proteins on the edge of white blood
cells that help the body to identify its
own cells from foreign cells.
Human leukocyte antigen (HLA)
A blood test that helps to identify a
person’s unique set of proteins on
white blood cells.
Imaging test
A test that makes pictures (images) of
the insides of the body.
Immune system
The group of organs and cells that
defends the body against infections
and diseases.
A protein made by plasma cells that
helps fight off infection. Also called
Redness, heat, pain, and swelling
from injury or infection.
Informed consent form
A document describing a research
study that must be read, understood,
and signed by any person wanting to
Administration of a drug through a
A pair of organs that filter blood and
remove waste from the body through
Surgery to support the spine with a
balloon device and a type of cement.
Lactate dehydrogenase (LDH)
A protein found in the blood that is
involved in energy production in cells.
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