NCCN Guidelines for Patients™: Multiple Myeloma
Part 8: Dictionary
Light chain myeloma
Myeloma cells that make only
free light chains and no complete
M-proteins. Also called Bence Jones
The shorter protein chain that is part
of an antibody.
A controlled loss of feeling in a small
area of the body from drugs.
Treatment that affects cells in one
specific area of the body only.
A type of white blood cell that helps to
protect the body from infection.
An antibody made by myeloma cells
that doesn’t fight germs. Also called
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
A test that uses radio waves and
powerful magnets to see the shape
and function of body parts.
Treatment given to continue good
All health events and medications
taken to date.
A doctor who’s an expert in cancer
A tool that uses lenses to see things
the eyes can’t.
A cancer treatment that uses low
doses of chemotherapy before blood-
forming cells are transferred from a
person to a patient.
Multiparameter flow cytometry
A test that measures myeloma cells in
the bone marrow.
A cancer of plasma cells that has
spread throughout bone marrow.
An abnormal plasma cell that grows
and divides all the time.
Kidney damage caused by fragments
of the abnormal antibodies made by
Drugs used to treat myeloma
throughout the body.
A period of testing right after treatment
to check that treatment worked.
Myeloma that makes very few or no
A surgeon who’s an expert in
operations of the bones.
Occurring inside the bone.
The death of bone cells.