NCCN Guidelines for Patients® | Multiple Myeloma - page 74

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NCCN Guidelines for Patients™: Multiple Myeloma
Version 1.2012
Part 8: Dictionary
Light chain myeloma
Myeloma cells that make only
free light chains and no complete
M-proteins. Also called Bence Jones
myeloma.
Light chains
The shorter protein chain that is part
of an antibody.
Local anesthesia
A controlled loss of feeling in a small
area of the body from drugs.
Local therapy
Treatment that affects cells in one
specific area of the body only.
Lymphocyte
A type of white blood cell that helps to
protect the body from infection.
M-protein
An antibody made by myeloma cells
that doesn’t fight germs. Also called
monoclonal protein.
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
A test that uses radio waves and
powerful magnets to see the shape
and function of body parts.
Maintenance treatment
Treatment given to continue good
treatment results.
Medical history
All health events and medications
taken to date.
Medical oncologist
A doctor who’s an expert in cancer
drugs.
Microscope
A tool that uses lenses to see things
the eyes can’t.
Mini transplant
A cancer treatment that uses low
doses of chemotherapy before blood-
forming cells are transferred from a
person to a patient.
Multiparameter flow cytometry
A test that measures myeloma cells in
the bone marrow.
Multiple myeloma
A cancer of plasma cells that has
spread throughout bone marrow.
Myeloma cell
An abnormal plasma cell that grows
and divides all the time.
Myeloma kidney
Kidney damage caused by fragments
of the abnormal antibodies made by
myeloma cells.
Myeloma therapy
Drugs used to treat myeloma
throughout the body.
Observation
A period of testing right after treatment
to check that treatment worked.
Oligosecretory myeloma
Myeloma that makes very few or no
M-proteins.
Orthopedic surgeon
A surgeon who’s an expert in
operations of the bones.
Osseous
Occurring inside the bone.
Osteonecrosis
The death of bone cells.
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