NCCN Guidelines for Patients® | Multiple Myeloma - page 75

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NCCN Guidelines for Patients™: Multiple Myeloma
Version 1.2012
Part 8: Dictionary
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Oxygen
A gas in the air that the body needs to
live.
Partial response
A decrease in the number of myeloma
cells in response to treatment.
Pathologist
A doctor who’s an expert in testing
cells to find disease.
Pelvis
The lower part of the abdomen
located between the hip bones.
Physical exam
A review of the body by a health
expert for signs of disease.
Placebo
A fake medicine that has no active
agents.
Plasma
The yellowish part of blood that
carries blood cells.
Plasma cell
A white blood cell that makes germ-
fighting proteins.
Plasma cell labeling index
A test that shows how many myeloma
cells are dividing and how fast they
are doing it.
Plasmacytoma/solitary
plasmacytoma
Cancer that is one mass of myeloma
cells.
Plasmapheresis
A process that removes M-proteins
from the blood.
Platelet
A type of blood cell that forms blood
clots to control bleeding.
Pneumonia
A severe inflammation of the lungs.
Positron emission tomography
(PET)
A test that uses radioactive material to
see the function of body parts.
Primary treatment
The main treatment used to rid the
body of cancer.
Prognosis
The course and outcome of a disease.
Progressive disease
Cancer that is growing, spreading, or
getting worse.
Proteasome
A group of proteins in cells that helps
control cell growth and division.
Protein
A chain of small chemical compounds
vital to every cell.
Quanitative immunoglobulins
A test that measures the amount of
different types of antibodies in the
blood and urine.
Radiation oncologist
A doctor who’s an expert in treating
cancer with radiation.
Radiation therapy
The use of radiation to treat cancer.
Radiotracer
Matter with energy that is put into the
body to make pictures clearer.
Randomized
Assignment to a group by chance.
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