NCCN Guidelines for Patients® | Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer - page 92

92
NCCN Guidelines for Patients
®
: Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer
Version 1.2014
Part 9: Dictionary
Adenocarcinoma
Cancer of cells that make fluids or
hormones.
Adjuvant treatment
A treatment given after the main
treatment used to cure disease.
Adrenal gland
A small organ on top of each kidney
that makes hormones.
Alkylating agent
A type of cancer-killing drug.
Alternative medicine
Treatments used in place of standard
treatments.
Alveoli
The tiny sacs in the lungs where
gases are transferred in and out of the
blood.
Anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK)
Proteins on the edge of a cell that
send signals for the cell to grow.
Anesthesia
Loss of feeling with or without loss of
wakefulness that is caused by drugs.
Arsenic
A very toxic metallic chemical.
Asbestos
A mineral fiber used in housing and
commercial materials.
Atelectasis
Collapse of a lung.
Benign
Tissue without cancer cells.
Beryllium
A hard, gray metallic chemical.
Biopsy
Removal of small amounts of tissue or
fluid to be tested for disease.
Blood chemistry test
Measurement of the amount of
chemicals in the blood.
Board certified
A status to identify doctors who
finished training in a specialized field
of medicine.
Body plethysmograph
A test done in a small room with a
small tube to measure how much
air is in your lungs after inhaling or
exhaling.
Brachytherapy
Radiation received from a radioactive
object placed near or in the tumor.
Bronchi
The two airways extending from the
windpipe into the lungs.
Bronchioli
Branches of small airways within the
lungs.
Bronchoscope
A thin, long tube fitted with tools that
is guided down the mouth.
Bronchoscopy
Use of a thin tool guided down the
mouth into the lungs.
Bronchus
One of the two main airways that
extends into the lungs.
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