NCCN Guidelines for Patients® | Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer - page 93

93
NCCN Guidelines for Patients
®
: Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer
Version 1.2014
Part 9: Dictionary
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Cadmium
A heavy metallic chemical.
Cancer screening
The use of tests to find cancer before
signs of cancer appear.
Cancer stages
Ratings of the growth and spread of
tumors.
Carbon dioxide
A gas that is released from the body
during breathing.
Carcinoma
Cancer of cells that form the lining of
structures or form glands.
Carina
Firm, flexible, supportive tissue at the
base of the windpipe.
Cells
The “building blocks” of tissues in the
body.
Chemotherapy
Drugs that stop the growth process of
cells in an active growth phase.
Chemotherapy cycle
Days of treatment followed by days
of rest.
Chemoradiation
Treatment that combines
chemotherapy with radiation therapy.
Chest wall
The layer of muscles and bones
under the skin that covers the chest
area.
Chromium
A hard, semi-gray metallic chemical.
Chronic obstructive pulmonary
disease (COPD)
Trouble with breathing due to lung
damage or too much mucus.
Clinical stage
Rating the extent of a tumor based on
tests before treatment.
Clinical trial
Research on a test or treatment to
assess its safety or how well it works.
Combination regimen
The use of two or more drugs.
Complementary medicine
Treatment given along with standard
treatment.
Complete blood count (CBC)
A test of the number of blood cells.
Computed tomography (CT)
A test that uses x-rays to view
body parts.
Concurrent chemoradiation
Chemotherapy given at the same time
as radiation therapy.
Continuation maintenance
One or more first-line drugs is
continued.
Contrast
A dye put into your body to make
clearer pictures during imaging tests.
Conventional radiation therapy
Radiation that is given in small doses
for weeks and targets both the tumor
and some normal tissue.
Diaphragm
A sheet of muscles below the ribs that
helps a person to breathe.
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