NCCN Guidelines for Patients® | Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer - page 94

94
NCCN Guidelines for Patients
®
: Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer
Version 1.2014
Part 9: Dictionary
Diesel fumes
Gases from thick, heavy fuel made
from crude oil.
Distant metastasis
The spread of cancer cells from the
first tumor to a far site.
Doublet chemotherapy
Treatment with two chemotherapy
drugs.
Eastern Cooperative Oncology
Group (ECOG) Performance Scale
A rating scale of one’s ability to do
daily activities.
Electromagnetic
A force that attracts or repels and is
produced by an electric current.
Endobronchial ultrasound–guided
transbronchial needle aspiration
(EBUS-TBNA)
Removal of fluid with a needle guided
with imaging into the main airway into
the lung.
Endoscopic ultrasound–guided fine
needle aspiration (EUS-FNA)
Removal of fluid with a needle guided
with imaging into the long organ
between the mouth and stomach.
Epidermal growth factor receptor
(EGFR)
Proteins on the edge of a cell that
send signals for the cell to grow.
Epithelial cells
Cells that form the lining of structures
or form glands.
Esophagus
The tube-shaped organ between the
mouth and stomach.
External beam radiation therapy
(EBRT)
Radiation therapy received from a
machine outside the body.
First-line treatment
The first set of treatments given to
treat a disease.
Fusion gene
A gene made from parts of two other
genes.
Gas diffusion
A test that uses harmless gas to
measure how much you breathe out.
General anesthesia
A controlled loss of wakefulness from
drugs.
Genes
Instructions in cells for making and
controlling cells.
Hadron therapy
Radiation therapy that uses protons to
treat a disease.
Hemoptysis
Coughing up blood.
Hilar nodes
Groups of disease-fighting cells where
the main airways enter the lungs.
Hives
Itchy, swollen, and red skin caused by
the body ridding itself of an invader.
Hodgkin’s lymphoma
A cancer of white blood cells.
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