NCCN Guidelines for Patients® | Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer - page 96

96
NCCN Guidelines for Patients
®
: Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer
Version 1.2014
Part 9: Dictionary
Mediastinotomy
A surgery done through a cut into the
chest along the breastbone.
Mediastinum
The area of the chest between the
lungs.
Medical history
All health events and medications
taken to date.
Metastasis
The spread of cancer cells from the
first tumor to another body part.
Microscope
A tool that uses lenses to see things
the eyes can’t.
Molecular tests
Tests of changes in the instructions
within cells for making and controlling
cells.
Mucus
A sticky, thick liquid that moisturizes or
lubricates.
Multiple primary tumors
One or more unrelated masses of
cancer cells.
Navigational bronchoscopy
Use of a thin tool guided down the
mouth into the smallest airways of the
lung.
Neoadjuvant treatment
The treatment given before the main
treatment used to cure disease.
Nickel
A silvery-white metal.
Nodule
A small mass of tissue.
Noninvasive tumor
A mass of cancer cells that hasn’t
grown into another structure.
Non-solid nodule
A small mass of tissue of low density.
Observation
A period of testing for cancer growth.
Occult carcinoma
The finding of cancer cells in the
absence of a tumor.
Oxygen
A gas in the air that the body needs
to live.
Parietal pleura
The outer layer of the lining around
the lungs.
Part-solid nodule
A small mass of tissue with areas of
low and high density.
Pathologic stage
Rating the extent of a tumor based on
tests after treatment.
Pathologist
A doctor who’s an expert in testing
cells to find disease.
Percutaneous needle biopsy
Insertion of a needle through the
skin into a mass to remove tissue for
testing.
Performance status
A rating of one’s ability to do daily
activities.
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