NCCN Guidelines for Patients® | Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer - page 97

97
NCCN Guidelines for Patients
®
: Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer
Version 1.2014
Part 9: Dictionary
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Peribronchial nodes
Groups of disease-fighting cells in the
lung around the main airway.
Pericardial effusion
Excess fluid between the two tissue
layers of the heart’s lining.
Pericardiocentesis
Use of a needle inserted between the
ribs to remove fluid around the heart.
Pericardium
The tissue lining around the heart.
Phrenic nerve
A bundle of fibers that sends signals
between the spine and muscles used
to breathe.
Physical exam
A review of the body by a health
expert for signs of disease.
Platinum doublet
Treatment with two chemotherapy
drugs, one of which is platinum-
based.
Pleura
The tissue lining around the lungs.
Pleural cavity
The space between the two layers of
the lung’s lining.
Pleural effusion
Excess fluid between the two tissue
layers of the lung’s lining.
Pleural fluid
The liquid in the space between the
two layers of the lung’s lining.
Pneumonectomy
Surgical removal of the entire lung.
Pneumonitis
Swelling of the air sacs in a lung.
Positron emission tomography
(PET)
A test that uses radioactive material
to see the shape and function of body
parts.
Primary treatment
The main treatment used to rid the
body of cancer.
Primary tumor
The first mass of cancer cells in the
body.
Pulmonary fibrosis
Major scarring of lung tissue.
Pulmonary function tests
A set of breathing tests to test the
strength of the lungs.
Pulmonologist
A doctor who’s an expert in lung
diseases.
Radiation oncologist
A doctor who’s an expert in treating
cancer with radiation.
Radiation therapy
The use of radiation to treat cancer.
Radiologist
A doctor who’s an expert in reading
imaging tests.
Radiotracer
Matter with energy that is put into the
body to make pictures clearer.
Radon
A gas without odor, taste, or color that
is made from uranium as it decays.
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