NCCN Guidelines for Patients® | Ovarian Cancer - page 82

82
Part 10: Dictionary
NCCN Guidelines for Patients
®
: Ovarian cancer
Version 1.2013
Abdomen
The belly area between the chest and
pelvis.
Adjuvant chemotherapy
A type of cancer drug that is given
after surgery.
Adjuvant therapy
Treatment given after the main
treatment used to rid the body of
cancer.
Advance directive
Written statements about your wishes
for medical care should you become
unable to make these wishes known
at a later time.
Aggressive cancer
A cancer that spreads quickly.
Allergic reaction
Symptoms caused when the body is
trying to rid itself of invaders.
Alternative medicine
Treatments used in place of ones
usually given by doctors.
Anemia
A health condition in which the
number of red blood cells is low.
Appendix
A small pouch-like organ that sticks
out from the first part of the large
intestine (organ that prepares unused
food for leaving the body).
Artery
A tube that carries blood away from
the heart to the rest of the body.
Ascites
Abnormal fluid buildup in the belly
area (abdomen) or pelvis.
Bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy
(BSO)
Surgery that removes both ovaries
(organs that make eggs and
hormones) and both Fallopian tubes
(organs that eggs travel through from
the ovaries to the uterus).
Biochemical relapse
A rise in the level of CA-125 (a protein
that is made by ovarian cancer cells
and other cells) in the blood after
treatment, without symptoms or signs
on imaging tests that the cancer has
come back.
Biopsy
Removal of small amounts of tissue or
fluid to be tested for disease.
Bladder
An organ that holds and drains urine
from the body.
Blood chemistry profile
A test to show unusual amounts of
chemicals in the blood.
Borderline ovarian cancer
An ovarian tumor with abnormal cells
that aren’t clearly cancer.
CA-125 (cancer antigen 125)
A protein with sugar molecules
attached to it that is made by ovarian
cancer cells as well as normal cells.
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