NCCN Guidelines for Patients® | Ovarian Cancer - page 84

84
Part 10: Dictionary
NCCN Guidelines for Patients
®
: Ovarian cancer
Version 1.2013
Contrast dye
A dye put into your body to make
clearer pictures during imaging tests.
Control group
Patients in research who don’t receive
a new treatment.
Debulking surgery
Surgery that removes as much of the
cancer as possible.
Diagnose
To identify a disease.
Diagnosis
Identification of a disease.
Diaphragm
A sheet of muscles below the ribs that
helps a person to breathe.
Endometrioid
One of five cell subtypes of ovarian
cancer based on how the cells look
when viewed with a microscope.
Endometrium
The inner lining of the uterus (organ
where babies grow during pregnancy).
Epithelial cells
Cells that form the outer layer of
tissue lining around organs and
structures in the body.
Epithelial ovarian cancer
Cancer that starts in the cells that
form the outer layer of tissue lining
around the ovaries.
Epithelium
The outer layer of tissue lining around
organs and structures in the body.
Fallopian tube
The female organ that eggs travel
through from an ovary (organ that
makes eggs and hormones) to the
uterus (where a baby grows during
pregnancy).
Fatigue
Severe tiredness despite getting
enough sleep that limits one’s ability
to function.
Fertility
The ability to have babies.
Fertility-sparing surgery
Surgery that removes one ovary
(organ that makes eggs and
hormones) and one Fallopian tube
(organ eggs travel through from the
ovary to the uterus) so that a woman
can still have babies.
Fine-needle aspiration (FNA) biopsy
Use of a thin needle to remove fluid
or tissue from the body to test for
disease.
Follow-up tests
Tests done after treatment to check
for signs that the cancer has come
back.
Food and Drug Administration (FDA)
A federal government agency that
regulates drugs and food.
Gallbladder
A small organ that holds digestive fluid
from the liver.
Gastrointestinal (GI) tract
Group of organs that food passes
through when you eat.
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