NCCN Guidelines for Patients® | Ovarian Cancer - page 85

Part 10: Dictionary
NCCN Guidelines for Patients
: Ovarian cancer
Version 1.2013
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General anesthesia
A controlled loss of wakefulness
from drugs.
Instructions in cells for making and
controlling cells.
Genetic counseling
Discussion with a health expert
about a disease caused by abnormal
information in cells that is passed
down from parents to children.
Genetic mutation
Abnormal change in the instructions in
cells for making and controlling cells.
Another name for the intestine, which
is the organ that food passes through
after leaving the stomach.
Gynecologic oncologist
A doctor who’s an expert in treating
cancer that starts in the female organs
involved in making babies.
Itchy, swollen, and red skin caused by
the body ridding itself of an invader.
Hormone therapy
Treatment that stops the making or
action of hormones (chemicals that
activate cells or organs) in the body.
Chemicals in the body that activate
cells or organs.
Treatment for the symptoms of a
disease near the end of life.
Hot flash
A medical condition of feeling intense
heat and body sweat for short periods.
Surgery that removes the uterus
(female organ where babies grow
during pregnancy).
Imaging test
A test that makes pictures (images) of
the inside of the body.
Cancer cells that have broken off
from the first tumor and spread to
the surface of nearby organs and
structures in the belly area. Also
called seeds.
Feeling of discomfort, such as heat,
burning, or pain in the upper belly
The inability to have babies.
Informed consent form
A document describing a research
study that must be read, understood,
and signed by any person wanting
to join.
The organs that food travels through
after leaving the stomach.
Intraperitoneal (IP) chemotherapy
Drugs given by a small tube surgically
placed in the abdomen (belly area).
Intravenous (IV) chemotherapy
Drugs given by a needle or tube
inserted into a vein.
Invasive disease
Cancer cells that have invaded (grown
into) supporting tissues of organs
or structures.
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