NCCN Guidelines for Patients® | Ovarian Cancer - page 87

87
Part 10: Dictionary
NCCN Guidelines for Patients
®
: Ovarian cancer
Version 1.2013
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Menstrual cycle
When changes in the uterus (where
babies grow during pregnancy) and
ovaries (organs that make eggs
and hormones) occur to prepare a
woman’s body for pregnancy.
Menstrual period
The flow of blood and tissue from
the uterus (organ where babies grow
during pregnancy) to outside the body.
Menstruation
The flow of blood and tissue from
the uterus (organ where babies grow
during pregnancy) to outside the body.
Metabolic
Having to do with chemical changes
that take place in a cell.
Metastasis
The spread of cancer cells from the
first tumor to another body part.
Microscope
A tool that uses lenses to see things
the eyes can’t.
Microscopic metastases
Cancer cells that have spread outside
of the ovaries and can only be seen
with a microscope (a tool that uses
lenses to see things the eyes can’t).
Monitoring tests
Tests done during treatment to check
if treatment is working.
Mucinous
One of five cell subtypes of ovarian
cancer based on how the cells look
when viewed with a microscope.
Mutation
Abnormal changes in the instructions
in cells for making and controlling
cells.
Neoadjuvant chemotherapy
Chemotherapy given before surgery
to remove a tumor.
Neuropathy
A nerve problem that causes pain,
tingling, and numbness in the hands
and feet.
Noninvasive disease
Cancer cells that haven’t grown
into supporting tissues of organs or
structures.
Noninvasive implant
Cancer cells that have broken away
from the first tumor, but have not
invaded (grown into) supporting
tissues of other organs or structures.
Observation
A period of testing right after treatment
to check that treatment worked. Or, a
period of testing without treatment to
check for cancer growth to know when
to start treatment.
Omentectomy
Surgery that removes the omentum
(the double layer of fatty tissue
covering the intestines and organs
in the belly area).
Omentum
The double layer of fatty tissue
covering the intestines and organs in
the belly area.
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