NCCN Guidelines for Patients® | Ovarian Cancer - page 89

89
Part 10: Dictionary
NCCN Guidelines for Patients
®
: Ovarian cancer
Version 1.2013
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Platinum-sensitive
The cancer responds (improves or
goes away) to a chemotherapy drug
made with platinum.
Positron emission tomography
(PET) scan
A test that uses radioactive material to
see the function of organs and tissues
inside the body.
Primary chemotherapy
The first or main chemotherapy drug
or drugs given to treat cancer.
Primary tumor
The first mass of cancer cells in the
body.
Prognosis
The course and outcome of a disease.
Progressive disease
Cancer that responded to treatment
and then began to grow or spread
again.
Protein
A chain of small chemical compounds
important to every cell in the body.
Radiographic relapse
When imaging tests show signs that
the cancer has come back (relapsed
or recurred) after treatment.
Radiologist
A doctor who’s an expert in reading
imaging tests.
Radiotracer
Matter with energy that is put into the
body to make pictures clearer.
Randomized
Assignment to a group by chance.
Rectum
The last several inches of the large
intestine (organ that prepares unused
food for leaving the body).
Recurrence
The return of cancer after treatment.
Also called relapse.
Recurrence symptoms
Physical signs that the cancer has
come back (recurred) after treatment.
Recurrence treatment
More treatment for cancer that
returned after previous treatment.
Recurrent cancer
Cancer that has come back after
treatment.
Regimen
A treatment plan that specifies the
dosage, schedule, and duration of
treatment.
Regional treatment
Treatment with cancer-killing drugs
directed to a specific area of the body.
Relapse
The return of cancer after treatment.
Also called recurrence.
Reproductive organs
Organs that help make babies, such
as the ovaries, Fallopian tubes, and
uterus.
Salpingo-oophorectomy
Surgery that removes the ovaries
(organs that make eggs and
hormones) and Fallopian tubes (tube-
like organs eggs travel through from
the ovaries to the uterus).
Sedative
A drug that helps a person to relax or
go to sleep.
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