NCCN Guidelines for Patients® | Ovarian Cancer - page 90

90
Part 10: Dictionary
NCCN Guidelines for Patients
®
: Ovarian cancer
Version 1.2013
Serous
One of five cell subtypes of ovarian
cancer based on how the cells look
when viewed with a microscope.
Side effect
An unplanned physical or emotional
response to treatment.
Single agent
The use of one drug.
Small intestine
The organ that absorbs nutrients from
eaten food.
Sonogram
A computer picture of areas inside
the body created by sound waves
bounced off of tissues and organs.
Spleen
An organ to the left of the stomach
that helps protect the body against
disease.
Staging
Grouping of cancer according to how
large the tumor is and how far the
cancer has spread in the body.
Staging procedures (surgical
staging procedures)
Procedures during surgery that are
used to find out how far the cancer
has spread.
Standard care
The process that a health professional
should follow to treat a medical
problem.
Stomach
An organ of the digestive system that
turns solid food into a liquid form.
Supportive care
Treatment of the symptoms of a
disease. Also called palliative care.
Surgery
An operation to remove or repair a
part of the body.
Surgical evaluation
Surgery to find out how far cancer
has spread in the body and to see if
surgery to remove all of the cancer is
a safe and good option.
Surgical menopause
A sudden stop in menstrual periods
caused by surgery to remove both
ovaries.
Surgical staging
Procedures done during surgery that
are used to find out how far cancer
has spread.
Symptom
A physical sign or patient report of a
health condition.
Systemic treatment
Drugs used to treat cancer cells
throughout the body.
Targeted therapy
Drugs that specifically target and kill
cancer cells.
Total abdominal hysterectomy
(TAH)
Surgery that removes the uterus
(female organ where babies grow
during pregnancy) through a surgical
cut in the abdomen (belly area).
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