NCCN Guidelines for Patients® | Pancreatic Cancer - page 82

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NCCN Guidelines for Patients
®
Pancreatic Cancer, Version 1.2014
Glossary
Dictionary
Dictionary
abdomen
The belly area between the chest and pelvis.
adjuvant treatment
Treatment given after the main treatment used to rid the
body of cancer.
bile
Yellowish-brown fluid made by the liver to help digest food.
bile duct
A tiny tube or vessel in the body that drains digestive fluid
(bile) from the liver.
biliary bypass
Surgery to re-route the flow of bile—digestive fluid—from the
common bile duct into the small intestine.
biliary stent
A small plastic or metal tube-shaped device used to unblock
a bile duct—tube-shaped vessel that drains digestive fluid
(bile) from the liver.
bilirubin
A yellow-brown substance that is removed from blood by the
liver and is part of bile—a digestive fluid made by the liver.
biopsy
Removal of a small amount of tissue from the body to be
tested for disease.
blood chemistry test
A test that measures the amount of certain substances in the
blood to check for signs of disease.
blood vessel
A tube that blood circulates through in the body.
borderline resectable
Cancer that is confined to the pancreas but approaches
nearby structures or has severe symptoms, raising concern
that it might not be possible to remove all the cancer with
surgery.
bypass
Surgery to re-route the flow of fluid in the body.
CA 19-9
Proteins made by cancer cells and found in blood.
cancer stage
A rating or description of the growth and spread of cancer in
the body.
chemoradiation
Treatment that combines chemotherapy and radiation
therapy.
chemotherapy
Drugs that kill fast-growing cells throughout the body,
including cancer cells and normal cells.
cholangitis
An infection of the bile ducts—tiny tubes that drain digestive
fluids out of the liver.
clear margin
No cancer cells are found in the normal-looking tissue
around the edge of the tumor removed during surgery.
clinical trial
Research on a test or treatment to assess its safety or how
well it works.
combination regimen
The use of two or more drugs.
common bile duct
A tiny tube that carries digestive fluid (bile) from the liver into
the small intestine, which absorbs nutrients from eaten food.
complementary medicine
Treatment that is given along with standard treatment but is
not considered standard treatment.
complete blood count
A test of the number of blood cells.
computed tomography (CT)
A test that uses x-rays from many angles to make a picture
of the inside of the body.
contrast
A dye put into your body to make clearer pictures during
imaging tests.
CT-guided FNA biopsy
Use of pictures from a CT scan to guide a needle to the right
spot to remove a sample of tissue from the body for testing.
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