NCCN Guidelines for Patients® | Pancreatic Cancer - page 83

81
NCCN Guidelines for Patients
®
Pancreatic Cancer, Version 1.2014
Glossary
Dictionary
diabetes
A disease that causes high levels of sugar in the blood.
diagnose
To identify a disease.
distal pancreatectomy
Surgery that removes the middle part (body) and narrow end
(tail) of the pancreas as well as other nearby organs.
distant metastasis
Cancer cells that have spread from the first tumor to a distant
(far away) part of the body.
duct
A small tube or vessel in the body that fluids pass through.
ductal adenocarcinoma
Cancer of the cells that line the pancreatic ducts—small
tubes that fluids pass through—and make proteins that
digest food.
duodenal bypass
Surgery to re-route the path that eaten food takes from the
stomach to the small intestine, which absorbs nutrients from
the food.
duodenum
The first part of the small intestine, which absorbs nutrients
from eaten food.
endocrine cells
Cells that make hormones—chemicals that activate cells or
organs.
endoscope
A thin, long tube with a light and camera lens at the end that
is inserted through the mouth to take pictures of the inside of
the body.
endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography
(ERCP)
A test that uses x-rays and a thin, lighted tube that is inserted
into the body to see the pancreatic ducts and bile ducts.
endoscopic ultrasound (EUS)
A test that uses a thin, lighted tube guided through the mouth
and down the throat to take pictures of the inside of the body
using sound waves.
enzymes
Proteins that help to digest food.
EUS-guided FNA biopsy
Use of pictures from sound waves and a thin, lighted tube
inserted through the mouth to guide a thin needle to the right
spot to remove a sample of tissue from the body for testing.
Also called EUS-FNA.
exocrine cells
Cells that make proteins that help to digest food.
external beam radiation therapy (EBRT)
Radiation therapy (use of high-energy rays to destroy cancer
cells) received from a machine outside the body.
fatigue
Severe tiredness despite getting enough sleep that limits
one’s ability to function.
fibrosis
The scarring of supportive fibers in tissue.
fine-needle aspiration (FNA)
Use of a thin needle to remove a small amount of tissue or
fluid from the body to test for cancer cells.
first-line treatment
The first set of treatments given to treat a disease.
fluoropyrimidine-based therapy
A combination chemotherapy regimen in which the main drug
used is 5-FU (5-fluorouracil).
FOLFIRINOX
A combination chemotherapy regimen that includes 5-FU,
leucovorin, irinotecan, and oxaliplatin.
Food and Drug Administration (FDA)
A federal government agency that regulates drugs and food.
gallbladder
A small organ that holds digestive fluid from the liver.
gastroenterologist
A doctor who’s an expert in diseases of the digestive
system—organs that break down food for the body to use.
gemcitabine-based therapy
A combination chemotherapy regimen in which the main drug
used is gemcitabine.
general anesthesia
A controlled loss of wakefulness from drugs.
1...,73,74,75,76,77,78,79,80,81,82 84,85,86,87,88,89,90,91,92,93,...94
Powered by FlippingBook