NCCN Guidelines for Patients® | Pancreatic Cancer - page 84

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NCCN Guidelines for Patients
®
Pancreatic Cancer, Version 1.2014
Glossary
Dictionary
gland
A group of cells or a small organ that makes fluids or
chemicals that the body needs.
hormones
Chemicals in the body that activate cells or organs.
imaging test
A test that takes pictures (images) of the inside of the body
to look for signs of disease.
insulin
A chemical that controls the amount of sugar in the blood.
intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT)
Radiation therapy (use of high-energy rays to destroy cancer
cells) that uses small beams of different strengths based on
the thickness of the tissue.
jaundice
Yellowing of the skin and eyes due to a buildup of bilirubin in
the body.
laparoscope
A thin, long tube with a light and camera lens at the end that
is inserted into the body to see inside the belly area.
laparoscopy
A surgical test that uses a thin, lighted tube inserted through
a small cut in the belly (abdomen) to see inside the belly
area and possibly remove tissue for testing.
leucovorin
A drug that improves how well certain cancer drugs work.
liver
An organ that removes waste from the blood and makes
bile—a fluid that helps to digest food.
liver function tests
Tests of the blood for chemicals made or processed by the
liver to see if the liver is working well.
local anesthesia
A controlled loss of feeling in a small area of the body
caused by drugs.
local metastasis
Cancer cells that have spread from the first tumor to a
nearby site.
local pancreatic cancer
Cancer that started in and hasn’t grown outside the
pancreas.
local recurrence
Cancer that came back after treatment, but is only in or near
the pancreas.
locally advanced pancreatic cancer
Cancer that started in the pancreas and has grown into
nearby blood vessels or tissues.
lymph
A clear fluid containing white blood cells.
lymph node
Small groups of special disease-fighting cells located
throughout the body.
lymph vessel
Tube-shaped ducts that carry lymph throughout the body.
magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography
(MRCP)
A test that uses radio waves and powerful magnets to make
very clear pictures of the pancreas and bile ducts—tiny tubes
that drain digestive fluid (bile) from the liver.
magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
A test that uses radio waves and powerful magnets to make
pictures of the inside of the body showing the shape and
function of body parts.
main pancreatic duct
A small tube in the body that drains digestive fluids from the
pancreas into the first part of the small intestine (duodenum).
medical history
All health events and medications taken to date.
metastases
Tumors formed by cancer cells that spread from the first
tumor in the pancreas to other parts of the body. (Plural for
metastasis.)
metastasis
Cancer that has spread from the first tumor to another body
part.
metastatic pancreatic cancer
A tumor that started in the pancreas and has spread to
distant sites in the body.
metastatic recurrence
Cancer that came back after treatment and has spread to
sites far away from the pancreas.
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