NCCN Guidelines for Patients® | Pancreatic Cancer - page 85

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NCCN Guidelines for Patients
®
Pancreatic Cancer, Version 1.2014
Glossary
Dictionary
microscope
A tool that uses lenses to see things the eyes can’t.
multidisciplinary
Includes a number of doctors and other health professionals
who are experts in different areas of cancer care.
neoadjuvant treatment
The treatment given before the main treatment used to rid
the body of cancer.
organ
A part of the body that performs a certain function.
palliative care
Treatment for the health conditions caused by pancreatic
cancer or cancer treatment.
pancreas
An organ that makes fluids that help digest food and
chemicals that control blood sugar.
pancreatic duct
A small tube in the pancreas that digestive fluids pass
through.
pancreatic protocol CT or MRI
A CT or MRI scan that is done in a certain way so that all
of the pictures focus specifically on the pancreas to clearly
show the pancreas, nearby blood vessels, and very tiny
tumors.
pancreatoduodenectomy
Surgery to remove the widest part (head) of the pancreas
and parts of other nearby organs. Also called Whipple
procedure.
pathologist
A doctor who’s an expert at testing cells and tissue for
disease.
percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) tube
A tube inserted through a cut in the belly area (abdomen)
and placed into the stomach to give food.
performance status
A rating of a person’s symptoms and ability to do daily
activities.
physical exam
A review of the body by a health expert for signs of disease.
primary treatment
The main treatment used to rid the body of cancer.
primary tumor
The first mass of cancer cells in the body.
radiation therapy
The use of high-energy rays (radiation) to destroy cancer
cells.
radiologist
A doctor who’s an expert in reading imaging tests.
recurrence
The return of cancer after treatment.
resectable
Cancer that can be removed by surgery.
second-line treatment
The next treatment(s) given when the first or previous
treatment failed.
sedative
A drug that helps a person to relax or go to sleep.
side effect
An unplanned or unwanted physical or emotional response
to treatment.
small intestine
The digestive organ that absorbs nutrients from eaten food.
spleen
An organ to the left of the stomach that helps to protect the
body against disease.
stent
A small plastic or metal tube-shaped device used to unblock
a duct—tube-shaped vessel in the body that fluids pass
through.
stomach
An organ that helps to digest food by mixing it with digestive
juices to turn solid food into liquid.
superior mesenteric artery
The large, tube-shaped vessel that carries blood from the
heart to the intestines.
superior mesenteric vein
The large, tube-shaped vessel that returns blood from the
intestines back to the heart.
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