NCCN Guidelines for Patients
: Prostate Cancer
How to use this booklet
Who should read this booklet?
This booklet is about treatment for an adenocarcinoma
of the prostate. About 98 out of 100 men with prostate
cancer have an adenocarcinoma. Women don’t get
prostate cancer because they don’t have a prostate. This
booklet may be helpful for patients, caregivers, family,
and friends dealing with this cancer. Reading this booklet
at home may help you absorb what your doctors have
said and prepare for treatment.
Does the whole booklet apply to me?
There is important information in this booklet for many
situations. Thus, you will likely not get every test and
treatment listed. Your treatment team can point out what
applies to you and give you more information. To help
you use this booklet, each topic is described at the start
of Parts 1–8. Page numbers are listed so you can flip
right to the topic of interest.
As you read through this booklet, you may find it helpful
to create a list of questions to ask your doctors. The
recommendations in this booklet include what NCCN
experts feel is the most useful based on science and
their experience. However, these recommendations
may not be right for you. Your doctors may suggest
other tests or treatments based on your health and other
factors. This booklet does not replace the knowledge
and recommendations of your doctors.
Help! I don’t know these words!
In this booklet, many medical words are included that
describe cancer, tests, and treatments. These are words
that you will likely hear your treatment team use in the
months and years ahead. Most of the information may
be new to you, and it may be a lot to learn. Don’t be
discouraged as you read. Keep reading and review the
Words that you may not know are defined in the text
or the sidebar. Words with sidebar definitions are
underlined when first used on a page. Definitions of
words often heard by men with prostate cancer are listed
in Part 9. Acronyms are also listed in
the text or the sidebar. Acronyms are words formed from
the first letters of other words. One example is PSA for