NCCN Guidelines for Patients
: Prostate Cancer
Part 9: Dictionary
Delay of treatment with ongoing
testing to watch for cancer growth.
Cancer in cells that line organs and
make fluids or hormones.
Treatment that follows primary
A hormone found in high levels in
males that is involved in sexual
development and functioning.
Androgen deprivation therapy (ADT)
Treatment that stops the making or
action of hormones in the body. Also
called hormone therapy.
Androgen synthesis inhibitor
A drug that blocks the making of
androgen at different sites.
A drug used to stop the action of
Antiandrogen withdrawal response
Decreases in the level of
prostate-specific antigen when an
antiandrogen is stopped.
Surgical removal of both testicles.
A rise in prostate-specific antigen level
after cancer treatment.
A medical procedure that removes
tissue to test for disease.
Blood cell count
The number of red blood cells, white
blood cells, and platelets in blood.
Cancer that has spread to the bones.
A test for bone diseases.
The placement of radioactive objects
near or in a tumor.
A rating by doctors of the extent
of the cancer.
Orchiectomy or drugs that greatly
reduce the level of testosterone.
Nerves that send signals to start
Research comparing new and current
treatments to find out which is better.
Combined androgen blockade (CAB)
Castration therapy combined with an
Computed tomography (CT)
A test that uses x-rays to view
Treatment that freezes tissue to
kill cancer cells
Digital rectal exam (DRE)
A medical exam of the prostate
by feeling it through the wall of