NCCN Guidelines for Patients® | Prostate Cancer - page 81

81
NCCN Guidelines for Patients
®
: Prostate Cancer
Version 1.2014
Part 9: Dictionary
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Dry orgasm
Having an orgasm without ejaculation.
Dual energy X-ray (DEXA)
A test that measures bone strength.
Dysorgasmia
Pain during orgasm.
Epididymis
The tube through which sperm travel
after leaving the testicles.
Epididymitis
Swelling of the epididymis.
External beam radiation therapy
(EBRT)
Radiation therapy received from a
machine outside the body.
Extracapsular extension
Cancer growth through the prostatic
capsule.
Fine-needle aspiration
Use of a thin needle to remove fluid or
tissue from the body.
Fistula
A passage between two organs that
aren’t normally connected.
Genes
Information in cells for building
new cells.
Gleason grade
A score from 1 (best) to 5 (worst)
made by a pathologist based on
the ability of prostate cells to form
glands. The primary grade is the most
common pattern, and the secondary
grade is the second most common
pattern. The two grades are summed
to give a Gleason score.
Gleason score
The grading system for prostate
cancer.
High-dose rate (HDR) brachytherapy
Radioactive objects are removed from
the tumor after the radiation dose has
been given.
Hormone therapy
Treatment that stops the making
or action of hormones in the body;
androgen deprivation therapy.
Image-guided radiation therapy
(IGRT)
Radiation therapy that uses imaging
tests during treatment to better target
the tumor.
Immunotherapy
Treatment that uses the immune
system to fight disease.
Intensity-modulated radiation
therapy (IMRT)
Radiation therapy that uses small
beams of different intensities.
Intermittent therapy
Alternating periods of time on and off
treatment.
Interstitial radiation
A type of radiation therapy that places
radioactive objects in the tumor.
Laparoscopic radical prostatectomy
Removal of the prostate through
several small cuts in the pelvis.
Life expectancy
The number of years a person is likely
to live.
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