NCCN Guidelines for Patients® | Prostate Cancer - page 82

82
NCCN Guidelines for Patients
®
: Prostate Cancer
Version 1.2014
Part 9: Dictionary
Low-dose rate (LDR) brachytherapy
Radioactive objects are inserted into
the tumor and left to decay.
Luteinizing hormone-releasing
hormone (LHRH) agonist
A drug that acts on the brain to
stop the testicles from making
testosterone.
Luteinizing hormone-releasing
hormone (LHRH) antagonist
A drug that acts on the brain to
stop the testicles from making
testosterone.
Lymph
A clear fluid containing white
blood cells.
Lymph node
A small clump of special immune
cells. There are thousands of lymph
nodes located throughout the body.
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
A test using radio waves and powerful
magnets to view the parts of the body
and how they are working.
Magnetic resonance (MS)
spectroscopy
A test that measures chemicals in
cells without removing tissue from
the body.
Medical oncologist
A doctor who’s an expert in
the medical treatment of cancer
with chemotherapy and
immunotherapy.
Metastasis
The growth of cancer beyond
local tissue.
Mutation
An abnormal change in the coded
instructions within cells.
Neoadjuvant treatment
Treatments given before the primary
treatment.
Nerve-sparing prostatectomy
One or both bundles of cavernous
nerves aren’t removed during a
prostatectomy.
Nomogram
A tool that uses clinical information to
predict an outcome.
Nuclear medicine specialist
A doctor who’s an expert in tests that
use radioactive substances.
Observation
Testing on a regular basis so that
supportive care can be given if cancer
symptoms are likely to start.
Open perineal prostatectomy
Removal of the prostate through one
cut made between the scrotum and
anus.
Open retropubic prostatectomy
Removal of the prostate through one
long cut from the belly button to the
base of the penis.
Orchiectomy
Surgical removal of one or
both testicles from the body.
Overflow incontinence
Leakage of urine due to an overly
full bladder.
Pathologist
A doctor who specializes in testing
cells to identify disease.
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