NCCN Guidelines for Patients® | Prostate Cancer - page 84

84
NCCN Guidelines for Patients
®
: Prostate Cancer
Version 1.2014
Part 9: Dictionary
Seminal vesicles
A pair of male glands that makes fluid
used by sperm for energy.
Side effect
An unhealthy or unpleasant physical
or emotional response to a test or
treatment.
Social worker
An expert in meeting social and
emotional needs of people.
Stress incontinence
Leakage of urine when pressure is
exerted on the bladder from sneezing,
coughing, exercise, and so forth.
Supportive care
Treatment for symptoms of a disease.
Surgical margin
Normal tissue around the edge
of a tumor that is removed during
an operation.
Systemic therapy
Treatment to destroy cancer cells
throughout the body.
Three-dimensional conformal
radiation therapy (3D-CRT)
Radiation therapy that uses beams
that match the shape of the tumor.
Transrectal ultrasound (TRUS)
A type of ultrasound that takes
pictures of the prostate through
the rectum.
Transurethral resection of the
prostate (TURP)
Surgical removal of some prostatic
tissue through the urethra.
Triple androgen blockade
Finasteride or dutasteride with
combined androgen blockade.
Tumor flare
An increase in testosterone after
starting castration therapy.
Urethra
A tube that expels urine from the
body; it also expels semen in men.
Urethral stricture
Scarring that blocks or narrows
the urethra.
Urge incontinence
The feeling of having to rush to
urinate or you’ll leak urine.
Urinary incontinence
Inability to control the release of urine
from the bladder.
Urinary retention
Inability to empty the bladder.
Urologist
A doctor who specializes in the urinary
system of men and women and in
male sex organs.
Venous thromboembolism
Dangerous blood clot in a vein.
Visceral metastasis
Spread of cancer cells from the first
tumor to internal organs.
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