NCCN Guidelines for Patients
: Prostate Cancer
Part 9: Dictionary
A pair of male glands that makes fluid
used by sperm for energy.
An unhealthy or unpleasant physical
or emotional response to a test or
An expert in meeting social and
emotional needs of people.
Leakage of urine when pressure is
exerted on the bladder from sneezing,
coughing, exercise, and so forth.
Treatment for symptoms of a disease.
Normal tissue around the edge
of a tumor that is removed during
Treatment to destroy cancer cells
throughout the body.
radiation therapy (3D-CRT)
Radiation therapy that uses beams
that match the shape of the tumor.
Transrectal ultrasound (TRUS)
A type of ultrasound that takes
pictures of the prostate through
Transurethral resection of the
Surgical removal of some prostatic
tissue through the urethra.
Triple androgen blockade
Finasteride or dutasteride with
combined androgen blockade.
An increase in testosterone after
starting castration therapy.
A tube that expels urine from the
body; it also expels semen in men.
Scarring that blocks or narrows
The feeling of having to rush to
urinate or you’ll leak urine.
Inability to control the release of urine
from the bladder.
Inability to empty the bladder.
A doctor who specializes in the urinary
system of men and women and in
male sex organs.
Dangerous blood clot in a vein.
Spread of cancer cells from the first
tumor to internal organs.