NCCN Guidelines for Patients
Stages I and II Breast Cancer, Version 1.2014
The belly area between the chest and pelvis.
Treatment given after the main treatment used to cure
A small organ on top of each kidney that makes hormones.
alkaline phosphatase (ALP)
A protein found in most tissues of the body.
Symptoms caused when the body is trying to rid itself of
A drug that stops estrogen from attaching to cells.
A darker, circular area of skin on the breast surrounding the
A drug that lowers the level of estrogen in the body.
axillary lymph nodes
Lymph nodes under the armpit.
axillary lymph node dissection
Surgery to remove axillary lymph nodes.
Surgical removal of both ovaries.
Removal of small amounts of tissue or fluid to be tested for
body mass index (BMI)
A measure of body fat based on height and weight.
bone mineral density
A test that measures the strength of bones.
A test that uses radioactive material to assess for bone
An extra dose of radiation to a specific area of the body.
Radiation received from a radioactive object placed near or
in the tumor. Also called internal radiation.
Cancer treatment that includes removing the breast lump
and radiation therapy.
A small bag filled with salt water, gel, or both that is used to
Surgery to rebuild breasts.
The rating of the growth and spread of cancer.
Cancer that starts in cells that form the lining of organs and
structures in the body.
A flexible tube inserted in the body to give treatment or drain
fluid from the body.
The layer of muscle, bone, and tissue on the outer part of the
clinical breast exam
A physical exam of the breasts by a health professional to
feel for disease.
The rating of the extent of cancer based on tests before
complete blood count (CBC)
A test of the number of blood cells.
computed tomography (CT)
A test that uses x-rays from many angles to make a picture
of the insides of the body.