NCCN Guidelines for Patients® | Stage IV Breast Cancer - page 58

NCCN Guidelines for Patients
®
Stage IV Breast Cancer, Version 1.2014
56
Glossary
Dictionary
luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LHRH)
A hormone made in the brain that helps regulate estrogen
production by the ovaries.
lymph
A clear fluid containing white blood cells.
lymph node
Small groups of special disease-fighting cells located
throughout the body.
magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
A test that uses radio waves and powerful magnets to make
pictures of the insides of the body.
medical history
All health events and medications taken to date.
medical oncologist
A doctor who’s an expert in cancer drugs.
menopause
The point in time when you won’t have another menstrual
period.
metastasis
The spread of cancer beyond the breast and nearby lymph
nodes to distant sites like bone, lung, liver, or brain.
metastatic breast cancer
Cancer that has spread to distant sites in the body; a term
used to refer to stage IV cancer.
microtubule inhibitors
Cancer drugs that stop a cell from dividing into two cells.
mutation
An abnormal change in the instructions in cells for making
and controlling cells.
no evidence of disease (NED)
A period where tests show no signs of disease.
open surgery
Removal of tissues through one large cut.
osteonecrosis
Death of bone tissue.
osteoporosis
A disease that causes bones to become thin and weakened.
ovarian ablation
Methods used to stop the ovaries from making estrogen.
ovarian suppression
Methods used to lower the amount of estrogen made by the
ovaries.
palliative care
Treatment for symptoms of a disease. Also sometimes called
supportive care.
pathologist
A doctor who’s an expert in testing cells and tissue to find
disease.
pelvis
The area between the hip bones.
performance status
A rating of general health.
periodontal disease
A disease of the gums in the mouth.
physical exam
A review of the body by a health expert for signs of disease.
peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC line)
A thin, flexible tube inserted through the skin into a vein then
guided to a larger vein to give chemotherapy.
positron emission tomography (PET)
Use of radioactive material to see the shape and function of
body parts.
primary diagnosis
The first diagnosis of breast cancer.
primary tumor
The first mass of cancer cells in the body.
progesterone
A hormone in women that is involved in sexual development,
menstruation, and pregnancy.
prognosis
The expected pattern and outcome of a disease based on
tests.
protein kinase
A molecule that move chemicals, called phosphates,
from one molecule to another.
puberty
The time when teens sexually develop.
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