NCCN Guidelines for Patients
Stage IV Breast Cancer, Version 1.2014
luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LHRH)
A hormone made in the brain that helps regulate estrogen
production by the ovaries.
A clear fluid containing white blood cells.
Small groups of special disease-fighting cells located
throughout the body.
magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
A test that uses radio waves and powerful magnets to make
pictures of the insides of the body.
All health events and medications taken to date.
A doctor who’s an expert in cancer drugs.
The point in time when you won’t have another menstrual
The spread of cancer beyond the breast and nearby lymph
nodes to distant sites like bone, lung, liver, or brain.
metastatic breast cancer
Cancer that has spread to distant sites in the body; a term
used to refer to stage IV cancer.
Cancer drugs that stop a cell from dividing into two cells.
An abnormal change in the instructions in cells for making
and controlling cells.
no evidence of disease (NED)
A period where tests show no signs of disease.
Removal of tissues through one large cut.
Death of bone tissue.
A disease that causes bones to become thin and weakened.
Methods used to stop the ovaries from making estrogen.
Methods used to lower the amount of estrogen made by the
Treatment for symptoms of a disease. Also sometimes called
A doctor who’s an expert in testing cells and tissue to find
The area between the hip bones.
A rating of general health.
A disease of the gums in the mouth.
A review of the body by a health expert for signs of disease.
peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC line)
A thin, flexible tube inserted through the skin into a vein then
guided to a larger vein to give chemotherapy.
positron emission tomography (PET)
Use of radioactive material to see the shape and function of
The first diagnosis of breast cancer.
The first mass of cancer cells in the body.
A hormone in women that is involved in sexual development,
menstruation, and pregnancy.
The expected pattern and outcome of a disease based on
A molecule that move chemicals, called phosphates,
from one molecule to another.
The time when teens sexually develop.