NCCN Guidelines for Patients® | Stage IV Breast Cancer - page 59

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NCCN Guidelines for Patients
®
Stage IV Breast Cancer, Version 1.2014
Glossary
Dictionary
radiotracer
A substance with radioactive material that is used to make
pictures of body parts.
receptor
A protein within cells to which substances can attach.
recurrence
The return of cancer after a disease-free period.
regression
Decreases in the tumor size or spread of cancer.
selective estrogen receptor down-regulator (SERD)
Cancer drug that blocks the effect of estrogen.
selective estrogen receptor modulators (SERM)
Cancer drug that blocks the effect of estrogen.
side effect
An unhealthy or unpleasant physical or emotional response
to treatment.
spinal cord compression
Painful squeezing of the bundle of nerves in the spine.
stroma
Supportive tissue in the breast.
supportive care
Treatment for symptoms of a disease. Also sometimes called
palliative care.
supraclavicular
The area right above the collarbone.
systemic therapy
Treatment of cancer throughout the body.
treatment breaks
Short breaks in treatment that allow for rests or for special
events like weddings or vacations.
treatment plan
A written course of action through cancer treatment.
triple-negative breast cancer
Breast cancer that is not hormone-positive or HER2-positive.
tumor markers
Proteins in the blood that are measured to assess if cancer
treatment is working.
vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)
A molecule that binds to cells that form blood vessels.
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