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UPDATES: NCCN Guidelines® and NCCN Compendium®

NCCN Flash Update sent January 31, 2014

NCCN has published updates to the NCCN Clinical Practice Guidelines in Oncology (NCCN Guidelines®) and the NCCN Drugs & Biologics Compendium (NCCN Compendium®) for Acute Myeloid Leukemia. These NCCN Guidelines® are currently available as Version 1.2014.

  • Evaluation for Acute Leukemia (AML-1)
    • Footnote “a” modified with the addition of the following sentence: “Multiplex gene panels and sequencing assays are available for the assessment of other molecular abnormalities that may have prognostic impact in AML (see Discussion).”


  • Treatment for High Risk Acute Promyelocytic Leukemia (APL) (AML-3)
    • A new regimen was added:
      • Induction: ATRA 45 mg/m2 (days 1–36, divided) + age-adjusted idarubicin 6–12 mg/m2 on days 2, 4, 6, 8 + arsenic trioxide 0.15 mg/kg (days 9–26 as 2-h IV infusion)
      • Consolidation: ATRA 45 mg/m x 28 days + arsenic trioxide 0.15 mg/kg/day x 28 days for 5 wks x 1 cycle, then ATRA 45 mg/m2 x 7 d every 2 wks x 3 + arsenic trioxide 0.15 mg/kg/day x 5 d for 5 wks x 1 cycle
      • The regimen is based on the following reference in footnote “u”: Iland HJ, Bradstock K, Supple SG, et al. All-trans-retinoic acid, idarubicin, and IV arsenic trioxide as initial therapy in acute promyelocytic leukemia (APML4). Blood 2012;120:1570-1580. A statement was added to this reference: “Prophylaxis with prednisone 1mg/kg/d for at least 10 d is needed for differentiation syndrome regardless of WBC at presentation.”


  • Treatment for Low/Intermediate Risk APL (AML-4)
    • Footnote “aa” modified: “Lo-Coco F, Avvisati G, Vignetti G, et al. Retinoic acid and arsenic trioxide for acute promyelocytic leukemia. N Engl J Med 2013;369:111-121. Prophylaxis with prednisone 0.5mg/kg day 1 through completion of induction. If patient develops differentiation syndrome, change prednisone to dexamethasone 10 mg every 12 h until acute differentiation resolves, then return to previous prednisone dose.”


  • Therapy for APL Relapse (AML-6)
    • Decision points added for “No prior exposure to arsenic trioxide or late relapse (6 mo) after arsenic trioxide-containing regimen” and “early relapse (
    • For “early relapse (2 PO daily + idarubicin 12 mg/m2 on days 2, 4, 6, 8 + arsenic trioxide 0.15 mg/kg IV daily until count recovery with marrow confirmation of remission.”


  • Post-remission Therapy for patients
    • Intermediate Risk: “1-2 cycles of HiDAC consolidation followed by autologous HSCT” removed as a treatment option.


  • Treatment for patients 60 y of age with AML (AML-11)
    • “Favorable cytogenetic/molecular markers” changed to “Non-adverse cytogenetic/molecular markers.”
      • “preferred” added to idarubicin
      • Clofarabine removed as a treatment option
      • Low-intensity therapy clarified with “may be more appropriate for elderly patients or relatively unfit patients with comorbidities”
    • Therapy-related AML/prior MDS or unfavorable cytogenetics/molecular markers
      • “preferred” added to idarubicin
      • Clofarabine removed as a treatment option
      • Low-intensity therapy clarified with “may be more appropriate for fit patients who are candidates for subsequent HSCT”


  • Salvage Chemotherapy Options (AML-F)
    • Clofarabine + cytarabine + GCSF changed to Clofarabine ± cytarabine + GCSF ± idarubicin with the following reference: Faderl S, Ferrajoli A, Wierda W, et al. Clofarabine combination as acute myeloid leukemia salvage therapy. Cancer 2008;113:2090-2096.

For the complete updated versions of the NCCN Guidelines, the NCCN Compendium®, and the NCCN Chemotherapy Order Templates (NCCN Templates®), please visit

To access the NCCN Biomarkers Compendium™, please visit

To view the NCCN Guidelines for Patients®, please visit

Free NCCN Guidelines apps iPhone, iPad, and Android devices are now available! Visit