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25

NCCN Guidelines for Patients

®

:

Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia, Version 1.2017

2

Testing for ALL

Review

Review

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Cancer tests are used to plan treatment and

check how well treatment is working.

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Your medical history and physical exam can

reveal signs of disease.

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Blood tests are used to look for signs of cancer

and check how well your organs are working.

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To confirm if you have ALL, a sample of

tissue—blood or bone marrow—must be

removed from your body for testing. A bone

marrow biopsy and aspiration are used to

remove a sample of bone marrow.

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Flow cytometry is used to identify the type of

cells present in a sample based on the set

on proteins on the cell surface. This is called

immunophenotyping.

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Cytogenetic testing, PCR, and FISH help

doctors detect abnormal chromosome changes

in leukemia cells.