NCCN Guidelines for Patients
Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia, Version 1.2017
Corticosteroids, also simply called steroids, are often
given along with chemotherapy drugs to treat ALL.
Steroids are drugs that are used to relieve swelling
and inflammation. But, some steroids also have anti-
cancer effects. The two main steroids used in ALL
regimens are prednisone and dexamethasone.
How chemotherapy drugs are given
Chemotherapy drugs may be given as a pill that you
swallow or as a liquid that is injected into your body
with a needle. When given this way, the drugs travel
in your bloodstream to kill leukemia cells in all parts
of your body. This is called systemic chemotherapy.
Drugs may be injected into a vein, muscle, or under
your skin. An IV (
enous) infusion is a slow
injection into a vein. The IV infusion may take a few
hours. Or, it may be given over several days—called
a continuous infusion. An intramuscular injection is
when drugs are given into a muscle. A subcutaneous
injection is when drugs are given under the skin.
Central venous line
Chemotherapy is often given
as a slow injection into a
vein through a long, thin
tube. This tube is called
a central venous line or
catheter. The central line may
be attached to a port that is
placed just under your skin.
Illustration Copyright © 2017 Nucleus Medical Media, All rights reserved.www.nucleusinc.com