NCCN Guidelines for Patients
Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia, Version 1.2017
central nervous system (CNS) preventive
Treatment given to keep leukemia cells from spreading to
the fluid around the brain and spinal cord. Also called CNS
central venous line
A thin, flexible tube that is inserted into a vein to give
medicine or take a sample of blood. Also called central line
The fluid that surrounds the brain and spinal cord. Also
called spinal fluid.
Drugs that kill fast-growing cells, including cancer cells and
Long strands of coded instructions in cells for making and
Research on a test or treatment to assess its safety or how
well it works.
The use of two or more drugs.
complete blood count (CBC)
A test of the number of blood cells in a sample.
No leukemia cells are found in the blood or bone marrow
and all signs and symptoms of the cancer are gone.
computed tomography (CT) scan
A test that uses x-rays from many angles to make a picture
of the inside of the body.
The second round (phase) of treatment that is given when
leukemia cells are no longer seen in the blood or bone
marrow. Also called intensification or consolidation therapy.
A dye put into your body to make clearer pictures during
A drug used to reduce redness, swelling, and pain, but also
to kill leukemia cells. Also called steroid.
Treatment with high-energy rays (radiation) directed at the
Days of treatment followed by days of rest.
Smaller groups a type of cancer is classified into based on
abnormal changes in the chromosomes (long strands of
coded instructions) of the cancer cells.
A test that uses a microscope to examine a cell’s
deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA)
A chain of chemicals in cells that contains coded instructions
for making and controlling cells.
To confirm or identify a disease or health condition.
Measurement of the different types of white blood cells
present in a blood sample.
A person who gives their organs, tissues, or cells to another
A test that uses sound waves to make pictures of the heart.
Severe tiredness despite getting enough sleep that limits
one’s ability to function.
A test that looks at certain substances on the surface of
cells to identify the type of cells present.
fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH)
A lab test that uses special dyes to look for abnormal
changes in a cell’s genes (coded instructions for controlling
cells) and chromosomes (long strands of genes).