NCCN Guidelines for Patients
Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia, Version 1.2017
Tests done after the start of treatment to check how well
treatment is working.
A gene that is made by joining parts of two separate genes.
A set of coded instructions in cells needed to make new
cells and control how cells behave.
Abnormal change in the coded instructions in cells for
making and controlling cells.
good risk feature
Something linked with a lower chance (risk) that cancer will
come back after treatment.
graft-versus-host disease (GVHD)
A disease that occurs when transplanted stem cells attack a
patient’s normal cells.
graft-versus-leukemia (GVL) effect
An attack on cancer cells by transplanted blood stem cells.
A substance that helps new blood cells to be made.
human leukocyte antigen (HLA)
Special proteins on the surface of cells that help the body to
tell its own cells apart from foreign cells.
human leukocyte antigen (HLA) type
The unique set of proteins on the surface of cells that help
the body to tell its own cells apart from foreign cells.
human leukocyte antigen (HLA) typing
A blood test that finds a person’s HLA type—the unique set
of proteins on the surface of cells that help the body to tell
its own cells apart from foreign cells.
A test that makes pictures (images) of the inside of the body.
The body’s natural defense against infection and disease.
The unique set and pattern of proteins on the surface of
white blood cells that can be used to identify the type of cell.
The process of identifying the specific type of cells present
based on the unique set of proteins on the surface of the
The first round (phase) of treatment given to rid the body of
leukemia cells. Also called remission induction or induction
Redness, heat, pain, and swelling caused by illness or
The second round (phase) of treatment that is given when
leukemia cells are no longer seen in the blood or bone
marrow. Also called consolidation or intensification therapy.
The organ that food passes through after leaving the
intrathecal (IT) chemotherapy
Cancer drugs that are injected into the fluid that surrounds
the brain and spinal cord—the bundle of nerves that runs
from the base of the skull down the back.
Given by a needle or tube inserted into a vein.
A pair of organs that filter blood and remove waste from the
body through urine.
A type of cancer that starts in blood-forming cells in the
bone marrow—the soft, sponge-like tissue in the center of
most bones where blood cells are made.
Abnormal, immature white blood cell that grows and divides
all the time without control.
Organ that removes waste from the blood and helps to
liver function test
Test that measures chemicals in the blood that are made or
processed by the liver.
A controlled loss of feeling in a small area of the body
caused by drugs.