NCCN Guidelines for Patients
Adolescents and Young Adults with Cancer, Version 1.2017
The belly area between the chest and pelvis.
A mutation that happens after conception.
A cancer drug that damages coded instructions in cells by
adding a chemical to them.
The growth of new blood vessels.
The natural death of cells. Also called programmed cell
Treatments used in place of ones usually given by doctors.
Also called alternative therapy or alternative treatment.
The soft, sponge-like tissue found in the center of most
bones, where blood cells are formed.
bone marrow transplant
Procedure that gives blood or bone marrow stem cells
intravenously to restore cells that have been destroyed by
cancer or its treatment.
Cancer of the breast.
A health condition in which the lens of the eye becomes
The "building blocks" of tissues in the body.
central nervous system (CNS)
The brain and spinal cord.
Cancer that started in cells within the neck of the womb,
which is called the cervix.
Drugs that kill cancer cells by damaging or disrupting the
making of the genetic code.
Research study on a test or treatment to assess its safety or
how well it works.
Cancer that starts in the colon, rectum, or both.
computed tomography (CT) scan
A test that combines many x-rays taken from different angles
to make a picture of the insides of the body.
Treatment given along with standard treatment. Also called
complementary therapy or complementary treatment.
A dye that is put into the body to make clearer pictures
during imaging tests.
For a clinical trial, certain terms a person needs to meet
to take part in the research study. These terms make sure
the people on the clinical trial are alike so that research is
focused on what is being tested. The terms may include
things like age, type of cancer, and general health.
A mix of sperm and fluids. Also called semen.
A fertilized egg that has been growing for up to eight weeks.
Use of a thin tool that is guided down the esophagus to
remove tissue samples.
Proteins that speed up chemical reactions in the body.