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100

NCCN Guidelines for Patients

®

Adolescents and Young Adults with Cancer, Version 1.2017

Glossary

Dictionary

normal range

A set of values that is based on test results of healthy

people.

oncofertility

Cancer doctors and reproductive experts who work together

to help patients keep their ability to have babies.

oncologist

A doctor who specializes in treating cancer.

osteoporosis

A disease that causes bones to thin and weaken.

ovarian cancer

Cancer of the ovary.

ovarian suppression

Methods used to lower the amount of hormones made by the

ovaries.

ovary

One of a pair of organs in females that makes eggs (ova)

and hormones.

pathologist

A doctor who is an expert in testing cells and tissue to find

disease.

platelet

A type of blood cell that forms blood clots to control bleeding.

positron emission tomography (PET)

A test that uses of radioactive material to see the shape and

function of body parts.

primary tumor

The first mass of cancer cells in the body.

radiation therapy

The use of radiation to treat cancer.

radiation oncologist

A doctor who is an expert in using radiation to treat cancer.

radiologist

A doctor who is an expert in reading imaging tests.

radiopharmaceutical

A drug that contains a radioactive substance.

red blood cell

A type of blood cell that carries oxygen from the lungs to the

rest of the body.

reproductive system

The organs and tissues involved in the process of making

babies—the vagina, cervix, uterus, fallopian tubes, and

ovaries in women, and the penis, testicles, and prostate in

men.

sarcoma

Cancer that starts in bones or soft tissue of the body.

secondary cancer

Cancer that start in cells that were damaged from the

treatment of the first cancer.

side effect

An unhealthy or unpleasant physical or emotional response

to treatment.

sperm

A sex cell from a man that enters a woman's egg to make a

baby.

stem cell

An immature cell from which other types of cells develop.

stem cell transplant

A cancer treatment that destroys bone marrow with

chemotherapy and then replaces it with healthy blood stem

cells,

stroke

Blood flow to the brain is blocked and this causes damage to

the brain tissue.

surgeon

A doctor who is an expert in operations to remove or repair a

part of the body.

surgical oncologist

A doctor who is an expert in operations on cancer.

therapy

The use of radioactive drugs to treat cancer cells throughout

the body with radiation.

targeted therapy

Treatment with drugs that target a specific or unique feature

of cancer cells.

testicles

Two egg-shaped glands found inside a sac between the legs

of a man.