NCCN Guidelines for Patients
Adolescents and Young Adults with Cancer, Version 1.2017
Acquired mutations can happen because of:
Contact in the environment
rays from the sun or tanning bed, common
carcinogens (cancer-causing substances)
found in things like cigarettes and alcohol, and
– For example, lack of
exercise and being overweight.
– Some viruses damage the genetic
code in a way that makes infected cells more
likely to become cancerous.
For example, HPV (
irus) is a sexually
transmitted virus that is the leading
cause of cervical cancer. It has also
been linked to head and neck cancers
in young adults.
– Every time a cell divides, it has to
make a copy of its original DNA. Sometimes
the copies aren’t perfect and they contain
genetic mutations that damage DNA. The
damaged DNA is not repaired like it normally
is and gets passed along every time the cells
divide. Over time, the accumulated mutations
may lead to cancer.
But I'm too young to have cancer!
What is cancer?
At 24 you are invincible. You are healthy
and young. Any ache or pain, is just
simply an ache or a pain. You blame
it on your job, your workouts, or your
posture. You never think cancer. Until
one day, you get a call from the doctor
saying you have cancer. Yes, that is the
last thing I expected to hear. But, what I
can say after that one life changing day
and having gone through everything, I
am invincible after all. Nothing can hurt
Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma Survivor
Age at diagnosis: 24