NCCN Guidelines for Patients
Adolescents and Young Adults with Cancer, Version 1.2017
Learn about treatment options.
Part 5 goes over clinical trials for cancer
treatment and commonly used treatments
that may be offered to you. You can also
get the facts about complementary and
If you had been diagnosed with cancer a decade ago,
your treatment options were less than they are today.
Thanks to technical advances and research on how
and why cancer develops, doctors can now prescribe
many therapies that target cancer with greater
accuracy than ever before. Understanding these
therapies can help you work with your treatment
team. You can make informed decisions about your
What are clinical trials?
A clinical trial is a type of research study that people
chose to take part in. Clinical trials help learn how to
prevent, diagnose, and treat a disease like cancer.
Because of clinical trials, doctors find safe and helpful
ways to improve your cancer care. This guide has
many of those tests and treatments used to help
young people with cancer.
Clinical trials go through levels or phases of testing.
These phases help move the research along to find
out what works best for people with cancer.
Phase I looks at how much and how to give
Phase II tests for side effects and how it works
on the cancer type.
Phase III compares the treatment (or new use
of treatment) to what is commonly used.
Phase IV follows late side effects and if the
treatment still works after a long period of
40 What are clinical trials?
41 What are local treatments?
43 What are systemic treatments?
45 How can I learn more about complementary and
alternative medicine (CAM)?