Table of Contents Table of Contents
Previous Page  43 / 112 Next Page
Show Menu
Previous Page 43 / 112 Next Page
Page Background


NCCN Guidelines for Patients


Adolescents and Young Adults with Cancer, Version 1.2017

All clinical trials have a plan and are carefully led by

your medical team. People in a clinical trial are often

alike with their cancer type and general health. You

can join a clinical trial when you meet certain terms

(eligibility criteria).

If you decide to join a clinical trial, you will need to

review and sign a paper called an informed consent

form. This form describes the clinical trial in detail,

including the benefits and risks. Even after you sign

consent, you can stop taking part in a clinical trial at

any time.

Some benefits:


You’ll have access to the most current cancer



You will be closely watched by your medical



You may help other people with cancer.

Some risks:


Like any test or treatment, there may be side



New tests or treatments may not work.


You may have to visit the hospital more often.

Ask your doctor or nurse if a clinical trial may be an

option for you. There may be clinical trials where

you’re getting treatment or at other treatment centers

nearby. You can also find clinical trials through the

websites listed in Part 10,



The National Cancer Institute’s Cancer Information

Service can also provide information on clinical trials.

The service is available in English and Spanish,

Monday through Friday 8:00 AM to 8:00 PM ET at

800.4.CANCER (800.422.6237).

What are local treatments?

Local treatments remove or destroy individual tumors

or cancerous tissues. This type of treatment can be

surgery or radiation. It is aimed at treating a specific

area and does not travel through the body.


Surgery is a local form of treatment. It can be done

in many ways depending on where the cancer is in

the body. The type of doctor who performs surgery

is called a surgeon. Surgery can be done alone for

cancer treatment with a plan to cure the disease

(remove it all) or take out a section (debulk) the

cancer because the surgeon can’t remove the whole

area. It can also be done to provide supportive care

(relieve pain or discomfort).


Understanding your treatment options

What are local treatments?

Finding a clinical trial

The National Institutes of

Health maintains a searchable

database of publicly and privately

supported clinical trials, including

enrollment requirements

and contact information. You

can access the database at