NCCN Guidelines for Patients
Adolescents and Young Adults with Cancer, Version 1.2017
Some targeted therapies are given as pills and others
must be given into a vein. Some IV medication can
be given in the outpatient clinic, while others require
admission to the hospital. Intravenous methods
An IV push, in which the drug is injected
quickly over a few minutes.
An IV infusion that can last from 30 minutes to
several hours. The medication flows through a
tube that is attached to the catheter. The flow
may be controlled by a machine called an IV
A continuous infusion that can last days.
Continuous infusions are always controlled by
electronic IV pumps.
(for example, prednisone,
prednisolone, methylprednisolone, and
dexamethasone) are man-made versions of
hormones made by the adrenal glands. The adrenal
glands are small structures found just above the
kidneys, which help regulate blood pressure and
reduce inflammation. Corticosteroids are not the
same thing as the steroids used by some athletes.
How can I learn more about
complementary and alternative
Even though they are often lumped together,
complementary medicine and alternative medicine
are not really the same thing.
are meant to be
used alongside standard therapies, most often
to prevent or reduce side effects. They can be
helpful for dealing with side effects such as
pain or nausea.
Understanding your treatment options
How can I learn more about CAM?
A word on corticosteroids
Corticosteroids can be given as a pill
or a liquid. You can get it through an IV,
cream, or by injection. They may be used
as an anticancer treatment or most often
in combination with chemotherapy. This
medication also relieves side effects of
treatment, such as:
Corticosteroids can be very helpful, but they
do have side effects like:
Indigestion or heartburn
Swollen hands, feet, or ankles
Increased risk of infection
Changes in blood sugar levels with
high-dose or long-term treatment
Changes in mood
If your doctor gives you corticosteroids, be
sure to take them exactly as prescribed.