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NCCN Guidelines for Patients


Adolescents and Young Adults with Cancer, Version 1.2017


Coping with side effects

How do I prevent or take care of my side effects?

There is now a great deal of research data linking

regular alcohol intake to the risk for multiple forms of

cancer. Based on research, both men and women

are affected and advised to drink only small amounts

of alcohol, or no alcohol at all. Regular drinking of

alcohol has shown to increase the risk for cancers

of the breast, esophagus, stomach, colon, rectum,

liver, pancreas, lung, bladder, and kidney. All types of

alcoholic beverages, including wine, can put someone

at risk.

Keep moving

Staying active is one of the best ways to keep up your

energy. Exercise can also help boost your appetite

and help you sleep better at night. And you don’t

need to be running in a marathon. Even a short walk

can go a long way toward making you feel better.

Pay attention to your body. When your energy level

is good, do something you already enjoy. Ask your

treatment team about exercise programs available

through the hospital or center where you are getting

treatment. Many large cancer centers offer yoga and

other exercise programs designed for people being

treated for cancer.

Get enough sleep

Sleep gives your body and mind a chance to rest and

recover from stress. As you may know, dealing with

cancer and its treatment is pretty stressful, which can

make sleep a challenge. Over time, missing sleep can

mess with your mood, your relationships, and your

day-to-day routine.

Your treatment team can help if you’re having

trouble sleeping—and can even refer you to a sleep

specialist if problems are keeping you up at night.

There are also a few simple steps you can take that

may make it easier to sleep:


Set a sleep schedule.

Many people find it

easier to sleep when they go to bed and get

up at around the same time every day.


Nap when you need to

but try to limit naps to

less than an hour so you can still fall asleep at



Exercise during the day.

Improved sleep

is just one of the many benefits of physical

activity. Try to exercise at least three hours

before bedtime so you’re not too revved up to



Relax in the evening.

Give yourself some

time to wind down and relax before trying to

sleep. Limit screen time. Take a bath. Listen to

music. Read a good book. Do whatever works

to slow you down.