NCCN Guidelines for Patients
Adolescents and Young Adults with Cancer, Version 1.2017
Coping with side effects
How do I prevent or take care of my side effects?
There is now a great deal of research data linking
regular alcohol intake to the risk for multiple forms of
cancer. Based on research, both men and women
are affected and advised to drink only small amounts
of alcohol, or no alcohol at all. Regular drinking of
alcohol has shown to increase the risk for cancers
of the breast, esophagus, stomach, colon, rectum,
liver, pancreas, lung, bladder, and kidney. All types of
alcoholic beverages, including wine, can put someone
Staying active is one of the best ways to keep up your
energy. Exercise can also help boost your appetite
and help you sleep better at night. And you don’t
need to be running in a marathon. Even a short walk
can go a long way toward making you feel better.
Pay attention to your body. When your energy level
is good, do something you already enjoy. Ask your
treatment team about exercise programs available
through the hospital or center where you are getting
treatment. Many large cancer centers offer yoga and
other exercise programs designed for people being
treated for cancer.
Get enough sleep
Sleep gives your body and mind a chance to rest and
recover from stress. As you may know, dealing with
cancer and its treatment is pretty stressful, which can
make sleep a challenge. Over time, missing sleep can
mess with your mood, your relationships, and your
Your treatment team can help if you’re having
trouble sleeping—and can even refer you to a sleep
specialist if problems are keeping you up at night.
There are also a few simple steps you can take that
may make it easier to sleep:
Set a sleep schedule.
Many people find it
easier to sleep when they go to bed and get
up at around the same time every day.
Nap when you need to
but try to limit naps to
less than an hour so you can still fall asleep at
Exercise during the day.
is just one of the many benefits of physical
activity. Try to exercise at least three hours
before bedtime so you’re not too revved up to
Relax in the evening.
Give yourself some
time to wind down and relax before trying to
sleep. Limit screen time. Take a bath. Listen to
music. Read a good book. Do whatever works
to slow you down.