NCCN Guidelines for Patients® | Bladder Cancer

Bladder cancer basics 8
The urinary system 9
Types of bladder cancer 10
The start and spread of bladder cancer 12
Diagnosis and treatment planning 12
Review 18
Staging bladder cancer 19
How bladder cancer is staged 20
Stages of bladder cancer 23
Review 24
Treatments for bladder cancer 25
Surgery 26
Intravesical therapy 28
Systemic therapy 30
Radiation therapy 31
Clinical trials 31
Review 32
Non–muscle-invasive bladder cancer 33
Stage 0 34
Stage 1 36
Follow-up care 38
Review 41
Muscle-invasive bladder cancer 42
Stage 2 43
Stage 3A 48
Stage 3B 51
Stage 4A 53
Follow-up care 56
If cancer persists, returns, or spreads 58
Review 59
Metastatic bladder cancer 60
First steps 61
Systemic therapy 61
Other treatments 65
Clinical trials 65
Supportive care 65
Review 65
Making treatment decisions 67
It’s your choice 68
Questions to ask your doctors 68
Weighing your options 71
Websites 71
Review 71
Words to know 73
NCCN Contributors 76
NCCN Cancer Centers 77
Index 78

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