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11

NCCN Guidelines for Patients

®

:

Brain Cancer – Gliomas, Version 1.2016

1

Glioma basics

A disease of cells

By Artwork by Holly Fischer -

http://open.umich.edu/education/med/resources/second-look-series/mate-

rials - CNS Slide 4, CC BY 3.0,

https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=24367125

Figure 2

Genetic material in cells

Most human cells contain the

“blueprint of life”—the plan by

which our bodies are made and

work. The plan is found inside of

chromosomes, which are long

strands of DNA that are tightly

wrapped around proteins. Genes

are small pieces of DNA that

contain instructions for building

new cells and controlling how

cells behave. Humans have an

estimated 20,000 to 25,000 genes.

Figure 1

Glial cells

Glial cells are the most common

cell type in your brain and spinal

cord. They support the work of

nerve cells. Astrocytes (green),

Oligodendrocytes (light blue),

Ependymal cells (light pink),

Microglial cells (red)

Illustration Copyright © 2016 Nucleus Medical Media, All rights reserved.

www.nucleusinc.com