NCCN Guidelines for Patients
Brain Cancer – Gliomas, Version 1.2016
Test and treatment overview
Fatigue is a severe tiredness despite getting
enough sleep. Learning how to conserve
energy may help. If you’re healthy enough,
some exercise can also lessen fatigue.
Depression and anxiety can be very
overwhelming. Medicine, talk therapy, and
exercise are some ways to lessen these
symptoms. Ask your treatment team for help.
Supportive care can also help with treatment
decisions as you may have more than one option.
It can also help with coordination of care between
health providers. Talk with your treatment team to
plan the best supportive care for you.
MRI and other imaging tests make pictures
of the insides of your body. Imaging tests are
used for diagnosis, treatment planning, and
assessing treatment results.
Surgery removes tissue in order to confirm
there’s cancer and to rid your body of cancer as
much as possible.
Tissue from the tumor will be tested for
markers that help to diagnose the disease and
Radiation therapy uses high-energy rays
to destroy cancer cells or stop them from
increasing in number.
Chemotherapy aims to stop cancer cells from
completing their life cycle so they can’t increase
Targeted therapy is a cancer treatment that
affects molecules that are key to cancer cells.
Clinical trials give people access to new tests
and treatments that they otherwise can’t
receive. If proven to work well, they may in time
be approved by the FDA.
Supportive care aims to improve your quality of
life. It includes symptom management.
Complementary and alternative medicine
edicine) is a
group of treatments that aren’t often given by doctors.
There is much interest today in CAM for cancer. Many
CAMs are being studied to see if they are truly helpful.
Complementary medicines are treatments given along
with usual medical treatments. While CAMs aren’t known
to kill cancer cells, they may improve your comfort and
well-being. Two examples are acupuncture for pain
management and yoga for relaxation.
Alternative medicine is used in place of usual medicine.
Some alternative medicines are sold as cures even
though they haven’t been proven to work in clinical trials.
If there was good proof that CAMs or other treatments
cured cancer, they would be included in this book.
It is important to tell your treatment team if you are using
any CAMs. They can tell you which CAMs may be helpful
and which CAMs may limit how well medical treatments