NCCN Guidelines for Patients
Brain Cancer – Gliomas, Version 1.2016
alternating electric field therapy
A cancer treatment that uses low-intensity electromagnetic
energy. Also called TTFields (Tumor Treating Fields).
Loss of feeling with or without loss of wakefulness that is
caused by drugs.
A type of glial cell that maintains the proper balance of
chemicals in the nervous system.
Removal of small amounts of tissue or fluid to be tested for
A status to identify doctors who finished training in a
specialized field of medicine.
A rating of how much cancer cells are like normal cells.
central nervous system
The brain and spinal cord.
Drugs that stop the life cycle of cells so they don’t increase
Research on a test or treatment to assess its safety or how
well it works.
computed tomography (CT)
A test that uses x-rays to view body parts.
A dye put into your body to make clearer pictures during
To identify a disease.
A type of glial cell that makes cerebrospinal fluid.
external beam radiation therapy (EBRT)
Radiation therapy received from a machine outside the
A treatment schedule of one time a day for 5 days for about
Instructions in cells for making and controlling cells.
A controlled loss of wakefulness from drugs.
A type of cell that supports nerve cells.
gross total resection
An operation that removes the whole tumor.
A treatment schedule of once a day or less for 1 week.
intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT)
Radiation therapy that uses small beams of different
strengths based on the thickness of the tissue.
A mass of cancer cells that has grown from one structure
magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
A test that uses radio waves and powerful magnets to see
the shape and function of body parts.
magnetic resonance (MR) perfusion
An imaging test that makes pictures of blood flow in organs.
magnetic resonance (MR) spectroscopy
An imaging tests that measures the chemical make-up of
The spread of cancer cells from the first tumor to another
A type of glial cell that defends the nervous system from
Tests of molecules in the body that can be measured to
assess health. Also called biomarker testing.