NCCN Guidelines for Patients® | Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia

38 NCCN Guidelines for Patients ® : Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia, 2019 Words to know Words to know alkylating agent A drug that damages a cell’s DNA by adding a chemical to it. ALL acute lymphoblastic leukemia. allogeneic stem cell transplant A cancer treatment that replaces abnormal blood stem cells with healthy donor cells. Also called allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplant. AML acute myeloid leukemia anemia A health condition in which hemoglobin is low. antibody A protein in blood that helps fight off infection. Also called an immunoglobulin. autoimmune hemolytic anemia An attack on red blood cells by the disease-fighting (immune) system. B cell A type of a white blood cell called a lymphocyte. Also called B-lymphocyte. beta-2 microglobulin A small protein made by many types of cells. biopsy A procedure that removes fluid or tissue samples to be tested for disease. bone marrow The sponge-like tissue in the center of most bones. bone marrow aspiration A procedure that removes a liquid bone marrow sample to test for a disease. bone marrow biopsy A procedure that removes bone and solid bone marrow samples to test for a disease. B symptoms A set of symptoms caused by some B-cell cancers. BTK Bruton’s tyrosine kinase cancer stage A rating of the outlook of a cancer based on its growth and spread. CBC complete blood count chemotherapy Cancer drugs that stop the cell life cycle so cells don’t increase in number. chromosome The structures within cells that contain coded instructions for cell behavior (genes). clinical trial A type of research that assesses how well health tests or treatments work in people. CLL chronic lymphocytic leukemia CML chronic myeloid leukemia complete blood count (CBC) A lab test that measures the number of red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets. comprehensive metabolic panel Lab tests of up to 14 chemicals in your blood. Also called comprehensive chemistry panel. computed tomography (CT) A test that uses x-rays from many angles to make a picture of the insides of the body. contrast A dye put into your body to make clearer pictures during imaging tests. CT computed tomography DAT direct antiglobulin test deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) A chain of chemicals in cells that contains coded instructions for making and controlling cells. Also called the “blueprint of life.”

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