NCCN Guidelines for Patients® | Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia

62 NCCN Guidelines for Patients ® : Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia, 2018 Dictionary Dictionary alkylating agent A class of chemotherapy that works by inserting a toxic chemical inside of cells to kill them. allogeneic stem cell transplant A cancer treatment that suppresses bone marrow then replaces it by adding healthy blood stem cells from a donor. anemia Abnormal low numbers of healthy red blood cells. anesthesia Loss of feeling with or without loss of wakefulness that is caused by drugs. antibody A protein made by white blood cells that helps fight off infection. Also called an immunoglobulin. antigen Any substance that activates the immune system. autoimmune hemolytic anemia The wrongful destruction of red blood cells by the immune system. B symptoms High fevers, heavy night sweats, and fast weight loss without dieting caused by B-cell cancers. B-cell One of three types of a white blood cell called a lymphocyte. beta-2 microglobulin A small protein made by many types of cells. biopsy Removal of small amounts of tissue or fluid to be tested for disease. bone marrow Soft, sponge-like tissue in the center of most bones where blood cells are made. bone marrow aspirate Removal of a small amount of bone marrow that is liquid to test for disease. bone marrow biopsy Removal of a small amount of solid bone and bone marrow to test for disease. cancer stages Ratings of tumors that suggest the outlook of the disease. chemotherapy Drugs that stop the life cycle of cells so they don’t increase in number. chromosome Stands of genetic material inside of cells. clinical trial Research on a test or treatment to assess its safety or how well it works. Coombs test A lab test that detects if antibodies are stuck to and destroying red blood cells. complete blood count (CBC) A test of the number of blood cells in a sample. comprehensive metabolic panel Tests of about 14 chemicals in your blood. computed tomography (CT) A test that uses x-rays to view body parts. contrast A dye put into your body to make clearer pictures during imaging tests. deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) A chain of chemicals inside cells that contains coded instructions for making and controlling cells. deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) sequencing A lab test used to look for abnormal changes in DNA. diagnose To identify a disease.

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