NCCN Guidelines for Patients
Colon Cancer, Version 1.2017
In Part 3, the main treatment types
for colon cancer are briefly described.
Knowing what a treatment is will help
you understand your treatment options
listed in Parts 4 through 6. There is more
than one treatment for colon cancer. Not
every person will receive every treatment
described in this chapter.
Some colon cancers grow beyond the polyp and into
the colon wall. In many of these cases, surgery is a
key part of treatment. Your surgery may consist of
more than one type. This section describes the types
of surgery used for colon cancer.
Your treatment team will tell you how to prepare for
and what to expect during surgery. You may need
to stop taking some medicines to reduce the risk of
severe bleeding. Eating less, changing to a liquid
diet, or using enemas or laxatives will empty your
colon for surgery. Right before surgery, you will be
given general anesthesia.
A colectomy is a surgery that removes the part of
the colon with cancer.
See Figure 9
. After the part
is removed, the two ends of the remaining colon are
often joined back together. They are either sewn or
Before surgery, the cancer site may be marked
with a tattoo. The tattoo allows your surgeon to find
the cancer site after the polyp has been removed.
Overview of cancer treatments
Many colon cancers are removed
with a surgery called colectomy.
This surgery removes the part
of the colon that has cancer.
Afterward, the two ends of the
remaining colon are sewn or
stapled back together.