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27

NCCN Guidelines for Patients

®

:

Colon Cancer, Version 1.2017

3

Overview of cancer treatments

Chemotherapy

during surgery. HAI may be a treatment option for

colon cancer in the liver. NCCN experts advise that

HAI should only be done at treatment centers with

much experience in this method.

Chemotherapy is given in cycles of treatment days

followed by days of rest. The cycles vary in length

depending on which drugs are used. Common

cycles are 14 or 21 days long. Giving chemotherapy

in cycles gives your body a chance to recover

after receiving chemotherapy. If you will have

chemotherapy, ask your doctor how many cycles will

be given and how many days of treatment there are

within a cycle.

Side effects

Side effects differ among people. Some people have

many side effects. Other people have few. Some

side effects can be very serious while others can be

unpleasant but not serious. Most side effects appear

shortly after treatment starts and will stop after

treatment. However, other side effects are long-term

or may appear years later.

Side effects of chemotherapy depend on the drug

type, amount taken, length of treatment, and the

person. In general, side effects are caused by the

death of fast-growing cells. These cells are found

in the hair follicles, gut, mouth, and blood. Thus,

common side effects of chemotherapy include

Guide 2. Chemotherapy types

Single agent or combination

Generic name

Brand name

5-FU/LV

5-FU = fluorouracil

LV = leucovorin*

Capecitabine

Capecitabine

Xeloda

®

CAPEOX

CAPE = capecitabine

Xeloda

®

OX = oxaliplatin

Eloxatin

®

FOLFIRI

FOL = leucovorin*

F = fluorouracil

IRI = irinotecan

Camptosar

®

FOLFOX

FOL = leucovorin*

F = fluorouracil

OX = oxaliplatin

Eloxatin

®

FOLFOXIRI

FOL = leucovorin*

F = fluorouracil

OX = oxaliplatin

Eloxatin

®

IRI = irinotecan

Camptosar

®

Irinotecan

Irinotecan

Camptosar

®

Trifluridine + tipiracil

Trifluridine + tipiracil

Lonsurf

®

*Levoleucovorin can be used instead of leucovorin