NCCN Guidelines for Patients
Colon Cancer, Version 1.2017
Overview of cancer treatments
low blood cell counts, not feeling hungry, nausea,
vomiting, diarrhea, hair loss, and mouth sores.
Oxaliplatin causes a very unique side effect. It can
cause a short-lived and sometimes painful sensitivity
in areas exposed to cold. Examples of these areas
are your mouth when drinking cold liquids and your
fingers when holding a cold object. If more oxaliplatin
is used over time, loss of sensation and tingling in
fingers and toes can occur. It can take months or
years for these symptoms to resolve. You might end
up having a permanent loss of sensation in your feet
after long-term oxaliplatin-based treatment (sensory
Not all side effects of chemotherapy are listed here.
Please ask your treatment team for a complete list of
common and rare side effects. If a side effect bothers
you, tell your treatment team. There may be ways to
help you feel better. There are also ways to prevent
some side effects.
Targeted therapy is a class of drugs that stops the
action of molecules that help cancer cells grow. It is
less likely to harm normal cells than chemotherapy.
Targeted therapy for colon cancer targets either the
actor) or EGFR
Targeted therapy used for colon cancer is listed in
. Many of these are also called biologic
therapies because they are antibodies. Antibodies
are Y-shaped proteins. Some are made by your body.
The ones used for colon cancer were made in a lab.
Targeted therapies are briefly described next. Some
side effects are listed. Ask your treatment team for
a full list of common and rare side effects. In Parts 4
through 6, information on who should receive these
drugs is provided.
Guide 3. Targeted therapy
Generic (chemical) name
Brand name (sold as)