NCCN Guidelines for Patients
Colon Cancer, Version 1.2017
positron emission tomography/computed
A test that uses radioactive material and x-rays to view the
shape and function of organs and tissues.
The first mass of cancer cells in the body.
The pattern and outcome of a disease.
The growth or spread of cancer after being tested or treated.
The use of high-energy rays to destroy cancer cells.
A doctor who specializes in reading imaging tests.
An organ in the digestive system that holds stool until
expelled from the body.
The return of cancer after a cancer-free period.
The outer layer, in some places, of the colon wall that
makes fluid so that organs can slide against one another;
also called the visceral peritoneum.
A polyp that is flat.
An unplanned physical or emotional response to treatment.
The digestive organ that absorbs nutrients from eaten food.
stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT)
Radiation therapy that uses precise, high-dose beams.
Unused food passed out of the body; also called feces.
The second layer of the colon wall made mostly of
A thin layer of connective tissue that makes fluid.
Treatment for the symptoms or health conditions caused by
cancer or cancer treatment.
A protein found in the membrane of cells.
The normal tissue around the edge of a tumor that is
removed during surgery.
Drugs that stop the action of molecules that start the growth
of cancer cells.
three-dimensional conformal radiation therapy
Radiation therapy that uses beams that match the shape of
Insertion of a thin tool into the colon to view the entire colon
and, if needed, remove tissue.
A group of 5 or fewer cancer cells separate from the main
The presence of tiny tumors where the lymph drains from
A test that uses sound waves to take pictures of the insides
of the body.
vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)
A molecule that binds to cells that form blood vessels.
A polyp with a ruffled structure.